Adriaan G. Holleboom

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Genome-wide association studies have identified GALNT2 as a candidate gene in lipid metabolism, but it is not known how the encoded enzyme ppGalNAc-T2, which contributes to the initiation of mucin-type O-linked glycosylation, mediates this effect. In two probands with elevated plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and reduced triglycerides, we(More)
BACKGROUND Prospective epidemiological studies have shown that low plasma levels of HDL cholesterol (HDL-C) are associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Despite nearly 40 years of research, however, it is unclear whether this also holds true for individuals with severely reduced levels of HDL-C due to mutations in the(More)
There is unequivocal evidence of an inverse association between plasma high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol concentrations and the risk of cardiovascular disease, a finding that has led to the hypothesis that HDL protects from atherosclerosis. This review details the experimental evidence for this "HDL hypothesis". In vitro studies suggest that HDL(More)
BACKGROUND In mice, the scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI) is essential for the delivery of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol to the liver and steroidogenic organs. Paradoxically, elevated HDL cholesterol levels are associated with increased atherosclerosis in SR-BI-knockout mice. It is unclear what role SR-BI plays in human metabolism. (More)
BACKGROUND Apolipoprotein M (apoM) has been identified as a specific sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) binding protein of HDL. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS To investigate the in vivo effects of disturbed apoM or HDL metabolism we quantified S1P and apoM in plasmas of wild-type, apoM-knock-out, and apoM transgenic mice as well as 50 patients with seven different(More)
Lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) is crucial to the maturation of high-density lipoprotein (HDL). Homozygosity for LCAT mutations underlies rare disorders characterized by HDL-cholesterol (HDL-c) deficiency while heterozygotes have half normal HDL-c levels. We studied the prevalence of LCAT mutations in referred patients with low HDL-c to better(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW To review studies on hereditary disorders of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) metabolism and studies on HDL genetics in mice, which have both provided valuable insight into the pathways of this intriguing lipoprotein and moreover revealed targets to raise HDLc to reduce atherosclerosis. RECENT FINDINGS To date, as many as 11 genes are(More)
BACKGROUND Genetic factors regulate both high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels and functionality, thus affecting HDL antiatherogenic properties. We characterized the HDL antioxidant/anti-inflammatory properties and apoA-I-containing subpopulations in families with monogenic low HDL disorders. METHODS Subjects with mutations in apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I),(More)
Secretion of 27-hydroxycholesterol (27OHC) from macrophages is considered as an alternative to HDL-mediated reverse transport of excess cholesterol. We investigated 27OHC-concentrations in plasma of humans and mice with monogenic disorders of HDL metabolism. As compared to family controls mutations in the genes for apolipoprotein A-I, ATP binding cassette(More)
OBJECTIVES We hypothesize that increasing high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) shortens cardiac repolarization. BACKGROUND HDL-C is inversely associated with sudden death. The relation between HDL-C and repolarization of the heart is unexplored. METHODS HDL-C was elevated with reconstituted high-density lipoprotein (rHDL). Cardiac repolarization(More)