Adriaan F. van Olphen

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The otosclerotic process commonly involves the otic capsule and may cause quite widespread demineralisation which leads to a progressive and often profound bilateral sensorineural hearing loss. In this situation cochlear implantation may be the only effective treatment. This chapter considers the pathology of this hearing loss, the effects of cochlear(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the dimensions of the facial recess and the spatial relationship between the facial recess and the cochlea, using CT scanning in cochlear implantees. METHOD In 29 cochlear implantees, preoperative CT scans of the temporal bone were compared with findings done at surgery. The dimensions of the facial recess and the relationship between(More)
The functioning of the nasal valve area is largely determined by the stability and the mobility of the lateral nasal wall. To gain insight into the kinematics of the lateral nasal wall, we studied the functional anatomy of the nasal muscles and the intercartilaginous and osseous-cartilaginous junctions. We performed gross and microscopic nasal dissection(More)
OBJECTIVES To collect data from a large number of cochlear implant recipients with otosclerosis and to make an assessment of these patients' clinical characteristics, computed tomographic scans, surgical findings, and complications, and to quantify the occurrence of postoperative facial nerve stimulation. STUDY DESIGN Retrospective multicenter study. (More)
Open set speech understanding with cochlear implants, without speechreading, is nowadays a common finding. However, there is a large variation in speech understanding between cochlear implant users. We tried to find pre-operative parameters which predicted the post-operative results. Thirty-seven adult post-lingually deafened Nucleus cochlear implant users(More)
Experiments have been carried out to determine which cues are used in phoneme identification by deaf individuals using a cochlear implant. Five deaf individuals with a Nucleus 22-channel cochlear implant were tested with open set speech audiometry in free field without lipreading. Speech material consisted of lists of Dutch words of the(More)
In order to record brain-stem-evoked responses as fast as possible, the influence of the stimulus repetition rate was investigated. The repetition frequency was varied from 2.5 to 80 Hz. The amplitudes of N2-N4 diminish uniformly with increasing stimulus rate. The repetition rate has little or no influence on the amplitude of N5; however, increasing the(More)
This paper reviews the anatomy of the nasal cartilages and muscles. Accurate anatomical knowledge of these structures may facilitate the design of a model to study the mobility and support of the lateral nasal wall and ala and may thus provide information on the dynamics of valve area. It is concluded that a uniform description of nasal cartilages and(More)
The objective of this study was to compare the electrically evoked compound action potentials, intra- versus post-operatively, in cochlear implant patients. In a prospective study twenty-five consecutively implanted adult patients received a multichannel cochlear implant. In all patients, electrically evoked compound action potentials were recorded(More)
The present study addresses the effect of cochlear implantation on nasality in 21 post-lingually deafened Dutch subjects. All subjects received the Nucleus 22 implant (MSP version). Speech recordings were made pre-implantation and 3 and 12 months post-implantation with the implant switched on and off. Nasality measurements were performed on a standard text(More)