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OBJECTIVE To determine the seroprevalence of leptospirosis among febrile inpatient cases in northeastern Malaysia. METHODS A hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 999 febrile cases admitted to 10 hospitals in northeastern Malaysia. A survey using a proforma sheet was used to obtain sociodemographic and occupational information. Serum(More)
BACKGROUND Leptospirosis is a worldwide zoonotic disease. Risk factors for the disease may vary among countries. OBJECTIVE This study was conducted to determine the risk factors of leptospirosis among febrile cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS A hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 999 febrile patients admitted to 10 hospitals in(More)
BACKGROUND The coexistence of under and over nutrition might be influenced by a marked shift in dietary and lifestyle practices of people in developing countries. This study aims to identify factors associated with the occurrence of dual form of malnutrition in the same households in a rural district in Peninsular Malaysia. METHODS A cross sectional study(More)
INTRODUCTION Since the first human cases of H5N1 avian influenza virus infection were detected in Indonesia in 2005, the Sulianti Saroso Infectious Diseases Hospital in Jakarta has managed 27 confirmed cases from September 2005 to December 2007. MATERIALS AND METHODS We reviewed the clinical and epidemiological data of these patients. RESULTS Clinical(More)
This was a cross sectional study to determine the clinical, laboratory and radiologic characteristics of confirmed avian influenza (AI) (H5N1) infection among children and adults. This study was conducted at Sulianti Saroso Infectious Diseases Hospital (SS-IDH), Jakarta among subjects confirmed to have AI infection hospitalized during September 2005 to(More)
During the past two decades, the rates of food insecurity and obesity have risen. Although a relationship between these two seemingly-paradoxical states has not been repeatedly seen in men, research suggests that a correlation between them exists in women. This study examines nutritional outcomes of household food insecurity among mothers in rural Malaysia.(More)
AIM to determine the effect of a rifampicin-containing tuberculosis regimen on efavirenz plasma concentrations and viral load in HIV/AIDS-Tuberculosis infection patients who received efavirenz-based antiretroviral therapy. METHODS plasma efavirenz concentrations and HIV viral load were measured in HIV/AIDS patients treated with 600 mg efavirenz-based(More)
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