Adolfo Pacifico

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The environmental factors at play in the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes (T1D) remain enigmatic. Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) is transmitted from dairy herds to humans through food contamination. MAP causes an asymptomatic infection that is highly prevalent in Sardinian T1D patients compared with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and healthy(More)
BACKGROUND The etiology of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is still unknown; numerous studies are performed to unravel the environmental factors involved in triggering the disease. SLC11A1 is a membrane transporter that is expressed in late endosomes of antigen presenting cells involved in the immunopathogenic events leading to T1DM. Mycobacterium avium(More)
T cell hybrids have been constructed between the BW5147 thymoma cell line and A/J splenocytes from mice suppressed with the p-azophenylarsonte hapten. Three independently derived cloned lines have been chracterized. Each secretes or sheds a 62,000-dalton antigen-specific product bound by rabbit antisera directed against the arsonate cross-reactive idiotype.(More)
BACKGROUND The role of pathogenic mycobacteria in diabetes has been a focus of speculation since a decade without any meaningful insights into the mechanism of diabetes causation vis a vis mycobacterial factors. Two of our studies based on PCR identification of mycobacterial DNA and detection of antibodies specific to the recombinant antigens and whole cell(More)
UNLABELLED BACKGROUND Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) is the cause of Johne's disease, an enteric granulomatous disease. Recently, MAP has been associated with different autoimmune diseases such as Crohn's disease, type 1 diabetes (T1D) and multiple sclerosis. Transthyretin (TTR) is a plasma transport protein for thyroid hormone and(More)
BACKGROUND The Mediterranean island of Sardinia has a strikingly high incidence of the autoimmune disorders Type 1 Diabetes (T1D) and Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Furthermore, the two diseases tend to be co-inherited in the same individuals and in the same families. These observations suggest that some unknown autoimmunity variant with relevant effect size(More)
The purpose of this work is to determine the sensitivity of the estimated time of peaks and maximum slopes, commonly used in activation time computations, to the instant at which sampling is initiated. Based on complex and quickly changing waveforms, 471 monopolar (MP) and bipolar (BP) epicardial responses in man were selected. These were decimated from 10(More)
Electrophysiological examination was performed on 50 type II diabetic patients to verify whether insulin secretory reserve is a factor influencing the susceptibility to develop polyneuropathy. The results showed that less significant metabolic derangement related to high insulin secretory reserve, and not the high insulin secretory reserve by itself, may(More)
The effect of pirenzepine, an anticholinergic agent, on GH release induced by L-dopa (500 mg po), apomorphine (0.75 mg sc), and clonidine (0.150 mg iv) administration was studied in a group of normal men. Pirenzepine, a cholinergic muscarinic antagonist, completely blocked the GH rise induced by dopamine- and adreno-receptor stimulation. In contrast, the(More)