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L-type Ca(2+) channels in native tissues have been found to contain a pore-forming alpha(1) subunit that is often truncated at the C terminus. However, the C terminus contains many important domains that regulate channel function. To test the hypothesis that C-terminal fragments may associate with and regulate C-terminal-truncated alpha(1C) (Ca(V)1.2)(More)
Regulation of AMPA receptors (AMPARs) at synapses plays a critical role in alterations of synaptic strength in the brain. Stargazin, an AMPAR-interacting protein, is critical for clustering and regulation of synaptic AMPARs. Stargazin interacts with AMPARs via its extracellular domain and with PDZ [postsynaptic density-95 (PSD-95)/Discs large (Dlg)/zona(More)
Epidemiological evidence points to prenatal viral infection being responsible for some forms of schizophrenia and autism. We hypothesized that prenatal human influenza viral infection in day 9 pregnant mice may cause changes in the levels of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), an important molecule involved in synaptogenesis and excitotoxicity, in(More)
(Pro)renin receptor (PRR), the newest member of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), is turning out to be an important player in the regulation of the cardiovascular system. It plays a pivotal role in activation of the local RAS and stimulates signalling pathways involved in proliferative and hypertrophic mechanisms. However, the role of PRR in the brain(More)
The hypothalamic-neurohypophysial system (HNS) controls diuresis and parturition through the release of arginine-vasopressin (AVP) and oxytocin (OT). These neuropeptides are chiefly synthesized in hypothalamic magnocellular somata in the supraoptic and paraventricular nuclei and are released into the blood stream from terminals in the neurohypophysis. These(More)
AT1 receptor subtype a (AT1Ra) expression is increased in the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) in spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) compared with Wistar Kyoto controls. However, the chronic role of AT1Ra in the NTS for cardiovascular control is not well understood. In this study, we investigated the hypothesis that the NTS AT1Ra is involved in the(More)
Bursts of action potentials are crucial for neuropeptide release from the hypothalamic neurohypophysial system (HNS). The biophysical properties of the ion channels involved in the release of these neuropeptides, however, cannot explain the efficacy of such bursting patterns on secretion. We have previously shown that ATP, acting via P2X receptors,(More)
The centrally mediated cardiovascular regulatory actions of angiotensin II in normal and hypertensive rats include angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R)-mediated actions at the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the hypothalamus. Because the PVN consists of multiple neuronal populations, it is important to understand which neuronal types in the PVN are(More)
It was previously believed that the neuronal type of nitric oxide (NO) synthase was constitutive in nature, and that changes in the concentration of intracellular Ca2+ represent the sole input that regulates its activity. Recent reports, however, suggested that this enzyme could also be induced under certain conditions. We report here that prolonged(More)
The neuronal form of nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) was generally assumed to be constitutively expressed at a constant level. However, it is now becoming recognized that its expression can be modulated by a number of physiological and pathophysiological conditions. Previously, we reported that nNOS expression is up-regulated after prolonged muscarinic M(1)(More)