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L-type Ca(2+) channels in native tissues have been found to contain a pore-forming alpha(1) subunit that is often truncated at the C terminus. However, the C terminus contains many important domains that regulate channel function. To test the hypothesis that C-terminal fragments may associate with and regulate C-terminal-truncated alpha(1C) (Ca(V)1.2)(More)
Regulation of AMPA receptors (AMPARs) at synapses plays a critical role in alterations of synaptic strength in the brain. Stargazin, an AMPAR-interacting protein, is critical for clustering and regulation of synaptic AMPARs. Stargazin interacts with AMPARs via its extracellular domain and with PDZ [postsynaptic density-95 (PSD-95)/Discs large (Dlg)/zona(More)
The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) plays a central role in the brain to regulate blood pressure (BP). This role includes the modulation of sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) that regulates vascular tone; the regulation of secretion of neurohormones that have a critical role in electrolyte as well as fluid homeostasis; and by influencing behavioral processes(More)
Culture of embryonic stem (ES) cells at high density inhibits both beta-catenin signaling and neural differentiation. ES cell density does not influence beta-catenin expression, but a greater proportion of beta-catenin is targeted for degradation in high-density cultures. Moreover, in high-density cultures, beta-catenin is preferentially localized to the(More)
Epidemiological evidence points to prenatal viral infection being responsible for some forms of schizophrenia and autism. We hypothesized that prenatal human influenza viral infection in day 9 pregnant mice may cause changes in the levels of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), an important molecule involved in synaptogenesis and excitotoxicity, in(More)
Homeobox transcription factor Nkx2-5, highly expressed in heart, is a critical factor during early embryonic cardiac development. In this study, using tamoxifen-inducible Nkx2-5 knockout mice, we demonstrate the role of Nkx2-5 in conduction and contraction in neonates within 4 days after perinatal tamoxifen injection. Conduction defect was accompanied by(More)
Several neuronal cell lines were screened for endogenous expression of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) protein using Western blot analysis. Detectable levels of the nNOS protein were evident in the SK-N-SH, SH-SY5Y, and N1E-115 neuroblastoma cell lines, as well as the NG108-15 neuroblastoma x glioma hybrid. Only trace amounts were visible in Neuro2A(More)
Bursts of action potentials are crucial for neuropeptide release from the hypothalamic neurohypophysial system (HNS). The biophysical properties of the ion channels involved in the release of these neuropeptides, however, cannot explain the efficacy of such bursting patterns on secretion. We have previously shown that ATP, acting via P2X receptors,(More)
RATIONALE Despite overwhelming evidence of the importance of brain renin-angiotensin system (RAS), the very existence of intrinsic brain RAS remains controversial. OBJECTIVE To investigate the hypothesis that the brain (pro)renin receptor (PRR) is physiologically important in the brain RAS regulation and cardiovascular functions. METHODS AND RESULTS PRR(More)
(Pro)renin receptor (PRR), the newest member of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), is turning out to be an important player in the regulation of the cardiovascular system. It plays a pivotal role in activation of the local RAS and stimulates signalling pathways involved in proliferative and hypertrophic mechanisms. However, the role of PRR in the brain(More)