Adolfas Toleikis

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The rate and efficiency of energy transport were examined in a system containing isolated rabbit heart mitochondria, hexokinase, adenylate kinase and low concentrations of adenine nucleotides. Oxygen consumption by mitochondria and glucose-6-phosphate synthesis by hexokinase were registered. It was found that when adenylate kinase is active both in(More)
The authors have previously shown that ischemia causes inhibition of the respiratory chain and phosphorylation system, and stimulation of the proton leak of mitochondria isolated from rat heart. It is shown here that the activity of the mitochondrial respiratory chain (after 30 min ischemia, but not after 45 min) and the phosphorylation system are(More)
We review research investigating mitochondrial damage during heart and brain ischaemia, focusing on the mechanisms and consequences of ischaemia-induced and/or reperfusion-induced: (a) inhibition of mitochondrial respiratory complex I; (b) release of cytochrome c from mitochondria; (c) changes to mitochondrial phospholipids; and (d) nitric oxide inhibition(More)
K(ATP) channel openers protect ischemic-reperfused myocardium by mimicking ischemic preconditioning, however, the protection mechanisms have not been fully clarified yet. Since the skinned fibers technique gives an opportunity to investigate an entire population of mitochondria in their native milieu, in this study we have investigated the effects of K(ATP)(More)
AIM To compare the myocardial effects of cardioplegia by warm blood, tepid blood, and cold crystalloid during coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS Patients undergoing CABG surgery at Kaunas University Hospital between 2000 and 2004 were randomized into three groups (n=156), receiving a different method of cardioplegia. Intermittent antegrade(More)
We investigated the effects of K(ATP) channel openers diazoxide and pinacidil on the respiration rate and membrane potential (deltapsi) of rat heart mitochondria, oxidizing pyruvate and malate. Diazoxide and pinacidil (58.8-1348.3 microM) increased the V2 (-ADP) respiration rate accordingly by 13-208% and 30-273% and decreased the deltapsi by 2-17% and(More)
In our study 10% of bovine serum albumin was added to the physiological incubation medium to mimic the oncotic pressure of the cellular cytoplasm and to test for its effect on the respiration of isolated rat heart mitochondria, saponin- or saponin plus crude collagenase (type IV)-treated heart muscle fibers and saponin-treated rat quadriceps muscle fibers.(More)
The results of a comparative study of the respiration rates of mitochondria in saponin-skinned rat cardiac fibers (SF) and in fibers treated with saponin and collagenase (SCF) suggest that only about half of the whole population of mitochondria manifest their activity in SF, in contrast to SCF, in response to extracellular substrates of oxidative(More)
In this study the effects of flavonoids (quercetin and its derivatives as rutin, hyperoside, quercitrin) on the oxidative phosphorylation in rat heart mitochondria were investigated. We found that all investigated flavonoids possessed uncoupling activity. Thus, quercetin, rutin, and quercitrin in dose-dependent manner induced a stimulation of the State 2(More)
The present study on saponin-treated rat heart muscle fibers has revealed a new function of the fatty acid oxidation system in the regulation of the outer mitochondrial membrane (OMM) permeability for ADP. It is found that oxidation of palmitoyl-CoA+carnitine, palmitoyl-L-carnitine and octanoyl-L-carnitine (alone or in combination with pyruvate+malate)(More)