Adolf Tobeña

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The Roman high- and low-avoidance (RHA/Verh and RLA/Verh) rat lines represent, respectively, low emotional/anxious and high novelty seeker vs. high emotional/anxious and low novelty seeker profiles. In the present study, RLA/Verh and RHA/Verh rats, either reared in pairs from weaning (untreated) or reared in groups of 8-10 in an enriched environment until(More)
Mice which are trisomic for only the human chromosome (Chr) 21-homologous segment of mouse Chr 16 (segmental trisomy), including a portion of the Down syndrome region of human Chr 21, have recently been developed. Since these segmentally trisomic mice, designated Ts(17(16))65Dn, survive to adulthood, they may represent a mouse model for the study of Down(More)
In the present study, male inbred animals (from the 10th generation of an inbreeding program that has been carried out in parallel to that of the outbred Roman high- and low-avoidance rat lines), were compared for emotionality in different testing situations, exploratory behavior in the holeboard and two-way, active-avoidance acquisition. Compared to the(More)
It has been suggested that the pathophysiology of panic disorder (PD) may involve abnormalities in several brain structures, including the amygdala. To date, however, no study has used quantitative structural neuroimaging techniques to examine amygdalar anatomy in this disorder. Volumetric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies of the amygdalas,(More)
BACKGROUND Previous research suggests that ADHD patients are characterized by both reduced activity in the inferior frontal gyrus (IFG) during response inhibition tasks (such as the Go-NoGo task), and reduced activity in the ventral striatum during reward anticipation tasks (such as the Monetary-Incentive-Delay [MID] task). However, no prior research has(More)
The selective breeding of Roman high- (RHA) and low-avoidance (RLA) rats for rapid vs extremely poor acquisition of active avoidance behavior in a shuttle-box has generated two phenotypes with different emotional and motivational profiles. The phenotypic traits of the Roman rat lines/strains (outbred or inbred, respectively) include differences in(More)
The brain is a plastic entity that can undergo dynamic changes throughout the lifespan as a result of training. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is commonly treated with psychostimulant medication, and the prevalence of ADHD medication prescription is a topic of heated scientific debate. In addition, cognitive training is frequently provided(More)
Roman high- and low-avoidance (RHA/Verh and RLA/Verh) rats are selected and bred for extreme divergence in two-way active avoidance acquisition. In addition, compared to RLA/Verh rats, RHA/Verh rats are (behaviorally and physiologically) less anxious or reactive to stressors, show increased novelty (sensation)-seeking behavior as well as a higher preference(More)
The present study investigated the enduring effects of postnatal handling (administered during the first 21 days of life), and environmental enrichment (for a period of 6 months starting 3 weeks after weaning) on spatial learning in 24-month-old hypoemotional (Roman high-avoidance, RHA/Verh) and hyperemotional (Roman low-avoidance, RLA/Verh) rats. Two(More)