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BACKGROUND Pompe disease, caused by the deficiency of acid alpha-glucosidase (GAA), is a lysosomal storage disorder that manifests itself in its most severe form within the first months of life. Early detection by newborn screening is warranted, since prompt initiation of enzyme replacement therapy may improve morbidity and mortality. We evaluated a tandem(More)
Early recognition by newborn screening and oral biotin supplementation may prevent clinical and neurological deficits in profound biotinidase deficiency (residual plasma biotinidase activity <10%). In order to evaluate possible correlations of molecular characteristics, onset and continuation of treatment and clinical outcome, we investigated 21 patients(More)
BACKGROUND Fabry disease (FD) is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder caused by the deficiency of alpha-galactosidase A (GLA). We evaluated a tandem mass spectrometry method to measure GLA activity. METHODS One 3.2mm punch from a dried blood spot sample (DBS) was incubated with substrate and internal standard in the reaction buffer for 22 h. The(More)
Transcobalamin II deficiency (# MIM 275350) is a rare, recessively inherited disorder of cobalamin transport that leads to intracellular cobalamin depletion with secondary impairment of methionine synthetase and methyl-malonyl CoA mutase activities. Affected individuals may suffer from long-term neurological sequelae if therapy with intramuscular(More)
Newborn screening for galactosemia yields a high number of false-positive results. Confirmatory DNA testing for unknown galactosemia mutations on the initial positive sample using novel techniques of mutation detection tenders itself to reduce the recall rate. The potential benefits of confirmatory DNA testing, however, could be offset by the detection of a(More)
BACKGROUND Dried blood filter cards, collected for newborn screening, are often stored for long periods of time. They may be suitable for the retrospective diagnosis of inborn errors of metabolism, but no data are currently available on the long-term stability of amino acids and acylcarnitine species. METHODS We analyzed amino acids and acylcarnitines by(More)
OBJECTIVE Although high levels of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) are associated with an increased risk for vasculopathy in adults, elevated ADMA concentrations also have been found in healthy young children. Patients with diabetes mellitus type 1 (DM1) are at risk for vasculopathy, and because the function of ADMA in the development of vascular symptoms(More)
BACKGROUND Niemann Pick disease (NP) is a rare, lysosomal storage disorder due to deficiency of the intra-lysosomal enzyme acid sphingomyelinase (ASM) resulting in intracellular accumulation of sphingomyelin. We evaluated a tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) method to analyze ASM activity in dried blood spots (DBS) that may be suitable for laboratory(More)
Newborn screening for biotinidase deficiency (BD) provides prevention of neurological sequelae in patients with low residual enzyme activity by early treatment with oral biotin substitution. Screening 1.1 million newborns in Austria and consecutive family studies led to the identifcation of 21 patients with profound BD (residual activity <10%) (incidence:(More)