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Arginine:glycine amidinotransferase (AGAT) catalyzes the first step of creatine synthesis, resulting in the formation of guanidinoacetate, which is a substrate for creatine formation. In two female siblings with mental retardation who had brain creatine deficiency that was reversible by means of oral creatine supplementation and had low urinary(More)
BACKGROUND Guanidinoactetate methyltransferase (GAMT) deficiency is an autosomal recessive disorder of creatine synthesis. The authors analyzed clinical, biochemical, and molecular findings in 27 patients. METHODS The authors collected data from questionnaires and literature reports. A score including degree of intellectual disability, epileptic seizures,(More)
BACKGROUND Lysosomal storage disorders (LSDs) comprise more than 40 genetic diseases that result in the accumulation of products that would normally be degraded by lysosomal enzymes. A tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS)-based method is available for newborn screening for 5 LSDs, and many laboratories are initiating pilot studies to evaluate the incorporation(More)
BACKGROUND Niemann Pick disease (NP) is a rare, lysosomal storage disorder due to deficiency of the intra-lysosomal enzyme acid sphingomyelinase (ASM) resulting in intracellular accumulation of sphingomyelin. We evaluated a tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) method to analyze ASM activity in dried blood spots (DBS) that may be suitable for laboratory(More)
Use of serum samples for the measurement of iPTH by the IMMULITE 2000 iPTH assay will lead to high rates of diagnostic misclassification unless analysis is carried out promptly and the values are defined by a different reference interval. We wish to acknowledge the help of Stephen Stewart, Dulcie King, and all of the staff in the central specimen reception(More)
The authors studied methionine and creatine metabolism in females with Rett syndrome. Plasma metabolites (including methionine, homocysteine, guanidinoacetate) and urine creatine/creatinine ratios in 29 females with Rett syndrome were within the age-appropriate range. Although the authors have not been able to identify any abnormalities, it can be(More)
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