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Arginine:glycine amidinotransferase (AGAT) catalyzes the first step of creatine synthesis, resulting in the formation of guanidinoacetate, which is a substrate for creatine formation. In two female siblings with mental retardation who had brain creatine deficiency that was reversible by means of oral creatine supplementation and had low urinary(More)
In hypoxic or ischemic states the release of fatty acids is proposed to have several harmful effects on brain structure and function. We therefore decided to study brain FFA in a simple, clinically related animal model resembling intrauterine perinatal asphyxia (PA). Cerebral blood flow (CBF), brain fatty acids (C14:0, C16:1, C16:0, C18:1, C1 8:0, sigma C),(More)
BACKGROUND Guanidinoactetate methyltransferase (GAMT) deficiency is an autosomal recessive disorder of creatine synthesis. The authors analyzed clinical, biochemical, and molecular findings in 27 patients. METHODS The authors collected data from questionnaires and literature reports. A score including degree of intellectual disability, epileptic seizures,(More)
BACKGROUND Niemann Pick disease (NP) is a rare, lysosomal storage disorder due to deficiency of the intra-lysosomal enzyme acid sphingomyelinase (ASM) resulting in intracellular accumulation of sphingomyelin. We evaluated a tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) method to analyze ASM activity in dried blood spots (DBS) that may be suitable for laboratory(More)
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