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For elucidation of the functional organization of frog skin epithelium with regard to transepithelial Na transport, electrolyte concentrations in individual epithelial cells were determined by electron microprobe analysis. The measurements were performed on 1-μm thick freeze-dried cryosections by an energy-dispersive X-ray detecting system. Quantification(More)
Rubidium uptake into individual tubule cells of rat renal cortex as measured by energy-dispersive X-ray microanalysis on freeze dried cryosections was used as an index of potassium transport. Over a 30 second period following intravenous infusion of rubidium (0.5 mmol/kg body wt) rubidium content increased in all cells. After 30 seconds, rubidium contents(More)
The concentrations of intracellular elements were determined by electron microprobe analysis in the nucleus and cytoplasm of freeze-dried cryosections of superficial proximal and distal tubules of the rat kidney. For the nucleus of the proximal tubular cell, the concentrations of sodium and chloride were 20 and 23 mmoles/kg of wet wt, and those of potassium(More)
Element concentrations were determined in various extra- and intracellular compartments of the rat renal papilla in antidiuresis and after furosemide-induced diuresis using electron microprobe analysis to elucidate further how the cells adapt osmotically to different osmolatities. In antidiuresis and diuresis the sum of intracellular cations (sodium and(More)
The cells of the renal medulla adapt osmotically to high extracellular tonicities by high concentrations of organic osmolytes. Intracellular accumulation of these substances is, however, relatively slow. The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of an abrupt rise in extracellular tonicity on intracellular osmotically active substances after(More)
A procedure is described which allows the evaluation of wet weight concentrations of diffusible substances in biological soft tissue on a cellular level by the use of energy dispersive X-ray microanalysis. Epithelia of frog skin and toad urinary bladder were used to prepare freeze-dried cryosections without the use of chemical fixatives, cryoprotectants,(More)
Cells of the renal medulla adapt osmotically to varying external electrolyte concentrations mainly by changing the intracellular content of small organic osmoeffectors (osmolytes) such as sorbitol, inositol and trimethylamines. This implies that despite extreme variations in extracellular tonicity the intracellular concentrations of monovalent electrolytes(More)
The intracellular electrolyte concentrations in the isolated cornea of the American bullfrog were determined in thin freeze-dried cryosections using energy-dispersive X-ray microanalysis. Stimulation of Cl secretion by isoproterenol resulted in a significant increase in the intracellular Na concentration but did not change the intracellular Cl(More)
In the intact, in vitro frog skin, isoproterenol (ISO) stimulates and amiloride-insensitive increase in short-circuit current (SCC) that can be localized to the exocrine glands and is associated with secretion of chloride. To determine which cells in the glands respond to stimulation we measured the intracellular electrolyte concentrations of the various(More)