SNARE complexes mediate membrane fusion in the endomembrane system. They consist of coiled-coil bundles of four helices designated as Qa, Qb, Qc and R. A critical intermediate in the fusion pathway is the trans-SNARE complex generated by the assembly of SNAREs residing in opposing membranes. Mechanistic details of trans-SNARE complex formation and topology… (More)
SNARE complexes are required for membrane fusion in the endomembrane system. They contain coiled-coil bundles of four helices, three (Q(a), Q(b), and Q(c)) from target (t)-SNAREs and one (R) from the vesicular (v)-SNARE. NSF/Sec18 disrupts these cis-SNARE complexes, allowing reassembly of their subunits into trans-SNARE complexes and subsequent fusion.… (More)
The fundamental processes of membrane fission and fusion determine size and copy numbers of intracellular organelles. Although SNARE proteins and tethering complexes mediate intracellular membrane fusion, fission requires the presence of dynamin or dynamin-related proteins. Here we study these reactions in native yeast vacuoles and find that the yeast… (More)
In this paper, we present two slicing tools: VHDL_Slice and Est_slice that compute static executable slices of VHDL and Esterel programs respectively. The slicers have been tested on a number of small and medium sized examples.
Due to substantial increase in the amount of information on the Internet, it has become extremely difficult to search for relevant documents needed by the users. To solve this problem, Text summarization is used which produces the summary of documents such that the summary contains important content of the document. This paper proposes a better approach for… (More)