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BACKGROUND Transfacet pedicle screws are scarcely used in primary posterior fixation, and have limited use unilaterally or with existing anterior instrumentation. Nevertheless, the incomplete(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Occipitocervical (OC) spinal instrumentation involving the axis (C2) entails the use of transarticular screws through C1-C2 or lateral mass screws at C1 and pedicle screws at C2 to(More)
BACKGROUND Anterior cervical plate fixation has gained widespread acceptance for treatment of cervical spine pathologies by stabilizing the segment and enhancing fusion rates. While it is generally(More)