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PURPOSE To develop an evidence-based guideline for the empiric management of pediatric fever and neutropenia (FN). METHODS The International Pediatric Fever and Neutropenia Guideline Panel is a multidisciplinary and multinational group composed of experts in pediatric oncology and infectious disease as well as a patient advocate. The Panel was convened(More)
PURPOSE Multiple studies have demonstrated that catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBI) can be successfully treated without catheter removal (in situ therapy), but there is insufficient information available to determine if catheter design can influence the eradication of bacteremia or recurrence. PATIENTS AND METHODS Bacteremic episodes in(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the application of the National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) definition in pediatric intensive care units (PICUs) and pediatric hematology/oncology units (PHOUs) participating in a multicenter quality improvement collaborative to reduce CLABSIs; to identify sources of(More)
Across 36 US pediatric oncology centers, 576 central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) were reported over a 21-month period. Most infections occurred in those with leukemia and/or profound neutropenia. The contribution of viridans streptococci infections was striking. Study findings depict the contemporary epidemiology of CLABSIs in(More)
BACKGROUND Current methods for in situ diagnosis of catheter-related bloodstream infections require concurrent collection of central venous catheter (CVC) and peripheral vein (PV) blood cultures. Both the pain and inconvenience of PV cultures are undesirable. METHODS A prospective study was conducted (August 2002 to March 2004) to assess the accuracy of(More)
Two cases of Bacillus cereus meningitis in immunocompromised children at our hospital within a 2-month period prompted us to review B. cereus--related invasive disease. We identified 12 patients with B. cereus isolated in blood cultures from September 1988 through August 2000 at our institution. Three of these patients also had B. cereus isolated from CSF(More)
This randomized behavioral trial examined whether youth living with HIV (YLH) receiving cell-phone support with study funded phone plans, demonstrated improved adherence and viral control during the 24 week intervention and 24 weeks post-intervention compared to controls. Monday through Friday phone calls confirmed medications were taken, provided(More)
Current methods for diagnosis of catheter-related infection (CRI) are cumbersome and may require removal of the central venous catheter (CVC). A prospective study was conducted to validate the difference in time to detection (DTD) of cultures of blood samples obtained simultaneously from a peripheral vein (PV) and from the CVC for differentiation of CRI and(More)
BACKGROUND The etiology, clinical course, and outcome of fever and neutropenia (FN) in children with cancer using the current FN guidelines and diagnostic resources in the United States have not been well described. PATIENTS AND METHODS Medical records of a randomly selected FN episode per patient during 2004-2005 at a pediatric oncology center were(More)