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PURPOSE To develop an evidence-based guideline for the empiric management of pediatric fever and neutropenia (FN). METHODS The International Pediatric Fever and Neutropenia Guideline Panel is a multidisciplinary and multinational group composed of experts in pediatric oncology and infectious disease as well as a patient advocate. The Panel was convened(More)
Pharmacogenetics is frequently cited as an area for initial focus of the clinical implementation of genomics. Through the PG4KDS protocol, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital pre-emptively genotypes patients for 230 genes using the Affymetrix Drug Metabolizing Enzymes and Transporters (DMET) Plus array supplemented with a CYP2D6 copy number assay. The(More)
BACKGROUND The HIV care continuum (diagnosis, linkage to care, retention in care, receipt of antiretroviral therapy (ART), viral suppression) has been used to identify opportunities for improving the delivery of HIV care. Continuum steps are typically calculated in a conditional manner, with the number of persons completing the prior step serving as the(More)
BACKGROUND The etiology, clinical course, and outcome of fever and neutropenia (FN) in children with cancer using the current FN guidelines and diagnostic resources in the United States have not been well described. PATIENTS AND METHODS Medical records of a randomly selected FN episode per patient during 2004-2005 at a pediatric oncology center were(More)
BACKGROUND Catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBIs) are frequent complications of the use of long term central venous catheters (CVCs). Comparative quantitative culture of blood obtained via the CVC and a peripheral vein (PV) is a well-accepted method of diagnosing CRBI; however, an alternative definition for use when a PV culture is not available is(More)
OBJECTIVES We developed and implemented a process for routine HIV screening, and we report screening practices and acceptance among adolescents at a large, urban, pediatric emergency department (ED). METHODS We surveyed health care providers regarding their knowledge and beliefs about HIV and generated a protocol for routine HIV screening. Free, routine,(More)
Current methods for diagnosis of catheter-related infection (CRI) are cumbersome and may require removal of the central venous catheter (CVC). A prospective study was conducted to validate the difference in time to detection (DTD) of cultures of blood samples obtained simultaneously from a peripheral vein (PV) and from the CVC for differentiation of CRI and(More)
BACKGROUND Recent guidance from related regulatory agencies and medical societies supports mandatory vaccination of healthcare workers (HCW) against influenza. At St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, a pediatric oncology referral center, more than 90% of HCWs receive vaccine each year without a policy mandating immunization. Factors associated with HCW(More)