Aditi Patwardhan

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iv ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I would like to express my sincere gratitude to Dr Hamlen and Dr Cooper for accepting me as their student, initially for an independent study project and later to continue it as a thesis. I thank them both for the numerous reviews and constant feedback, especially with the documentation work. I thank Dr Hamlen for being my advisor and(More)
(Suggestions are based on Level III and IV evidence) • In the first 4 weeks after transplant, a diet providing at least 1.4 g protein/kg body weight may reverse negative nitrogen balance and lead to increased muscle mass in kidney transplant recipients. (Level III) • Until there is stronger evidence to suggest otherwise, low protein intake (i.e. 0.55 g/kg)(More)
To prevent excessive weight gain • Kidney transplant recipients should be referred to a dietitian as soon as practicable after transplantation, for written and verbal advice for preventing weight gain. (Level III) • Regular follow-up should be arranged to prevent excessive weight gain. (Level III) • As obesity is associated with an increased risk of steroid(More)
(Suggestions are based on Level III and IV evidence) • Pre-transplant weight and pre-transplant weight gain increase the risk of the development of diabetes therefore weight management strategies should be a priority for patients awaiting a kidney transplant. (Level III evidence) • There are no Level III or IV studies examining the safety and efficacy of(More)
—In-lined Reference Monitoring frameworks are an emerging technology for enforcing security policies over un-trusted, mobile, binary code. However, formulating correct policy specifications for such frameworks to enforce remains a daunting undertaking with few supporting tools. A visualization approach is proposed to aid in this task; preliminary results(More)
(Suggestions are based on Level III and IV evidence). • Stable hypertensive kidney transplant recipients should be advised to restrict sodium intake to 80–100 mmol/day. (Level III evidence) • Based on studies in the general population kidney transplant recipients should: – When overweight or obese, be encouraged and supported to reduce their weight. (Refer(More)
CONTEXT Surgical outcomes of vitrectomy for idiopathic macular hole using a "heavy" Brilliant Blue G (HBBG) solution for staining and removal of the internal limiting membrane (ILM). SETTINGS AND DESIGN Prospective interventional case series conducted in a tertiary eye care hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS Nineteen patients (20 eyes) with idiopathic(More)
GUIDELINES Kidney transplant recipients should be advised to take a vitamin D (or analogue) supplement at a dose of at least 0.25 mg daily. (Level I and II) SUGGESTIONS FOR CLINICAL CARE (Suggestions are based on Level III and IV evidence) • The treating physician should determine the dose of vitamin D and the necessity of other treatments for minimizing(More)
(Suggestions are based on Level III and IV evidence) • Physicians should be aware that phosphate supplemen-tation has the potential to worsen hyperparathyroidism and may mask phosphorus deficiency beyond 3 months post-transplant. (Level IV) • Kidney transplant recipients should be advised to consume phosphate-rich foods as early as possible after(More)
Once graft is functioning: • A diet rich in wholegrain, low glycaemic index and high fibre carbohydrates as well as rich sources of vitamin E and monounsaturated fat should be recommended to adult kidney transplant recipients with elevated serum total cholesterol , LDL-cholesterol and triglycerides. (Level III–IV) • Weight reduction in overweight or obese(More)