Aditi A. Narsale

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PURPOSE OF REVIEW Interleukin-6 (IL-6) has emerged as a cytokine involved in cachexia progression with some cancers. This review will present the recent breakthroughs in animal models and humans related to targeting IL-6 as a cancer cachexia therapy. RECENT FINDINGS IL-6 can target adipose, skeletal muscle, gut, and liver tissue, which can all affect(More)
Although there are currently no approved treatments for cancer cachexia, there is an intensified interest in developing therapies because of the high mortality index associated with muscle wasting diseases. Successful treatment of the cachectic patient focuses on improving or maintaining body weight and musculoskeletal function. Nutraceutical compounds,(More)
Chronic inflammation is associated with cachexia-induced skeletal muscle mass loss in cancer. Levels of IL-6 cytokine family members are increased during cancer-related cachexia and induce intracellular signaling through glycoprotein130 (gp130). Although muscle STAT3 and circulating IL-6 are implicated in cancer-induced muscle wasting, there is limited(More)
The ApcMin/+ mouse exhibits an intestinal tumor associated loss of muscle and fat that is accompanied by chronic inflammation, insulin resistance and hyperlipidemia. Since the liver governs systemic energy demands through regulation of glucose and lipid metabolism, it is likely that the liver is a pathological target of cachexia progression in the ApcMin/+(More)
A devastating aspect of cancer cachexia is severe loss of muscle and fat mass. Though cachexia occurs in both sexes, it is not well-defined in the female. The Apc(Min/+) mouse is genetically predisposed to develop intestinal tumors; circulating IL-6 is a critical regulator of cancer cachexia in the male Apc(Min/+) mouse. The purpose of this study was to(More)
Cancer cachexia, the unintentional loss of lean body mass, is associated with decreased quality of life and poor patient survival. Hypogonadism, involving a reduction in circulating testosterone, is associated with the cachectic condition. At this time there is a very limited understanding of the role of hypogonadism in cancer cachexia progression. This gap(More)
Cancer cachexia is a complex wasting condition characterized by chronic inflammation, disrupted energy metabolism, and severe muscle wasting. While evidence in pre-clinical cancer cachexia models have determined that different systemic inflammatory inhibitors can attenuate several characteristics of cachexia, there is a limited understanding of their(More)
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