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In a culture medium of Streptomyces caeruleus MTCC 6638 grown with p-coumaric acid (5 mM) as the sole source of carbon, co-production of caffeic acid and p-hydroxybenzoic acid was observed. Both caffeic acid and p-hydroxybenzoic acid are important phenolic compounds with pharmaceutical importance. These biotransformed products were identified by(More)
Chitosan-induced elicitation responses of dark-incubated Cocos nucifera (coconut) endosperm cell suspension cultures led to the rapid formation of phenylpropanoid derivatives, which essentially mimics the defense-induced biochemical changes in coconut palm as observed under in vivo conditions. An enhanced accumulation of p-hydroxybenzoic acid as the major(More)
A rapid HPLC-based separation method was developed to analyse phenolic flavour components. In the present study, ferulic acid, 4-coumaric acid, 4-hydroxybenzoic acid, 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde, vanillic acid and vanillin were chromatographed on various C(18) columns (Prodigy ODS2, Synergi Hydro-RP, Lichrosorb and Columbus). A dual-wavelength UV detector was(More)
In this study, methyl jasmonate (MJ)-elicited hairy root cultures of Daucus carota were explored to study the enzymatic route to p-hydroxybenzoic acid (p-HBA) biosynthesis. Treatment with 100microM MJ caused an enhanced accumulation of p-HBA as well as total phenolic content in elicited root lines as compared to untreated (controls) lines. Using cell-free(More)
We report here the accumulation of p-hydroxybenzoic acid in Agrobacterium rhizogenes-induced hairy root cultures of Daucus carota. This phenolic acid finds application in food, pharmaceutical and polymer industries. Metabolic profiling of phenolics by HPLC/ESI-MS from these hairy roots showed a considerable amount of p-hydroxybenzoic acid accumulation both(More)
The fragrant rootstocks of Hemidesmus indicus are known to accumulate 2-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzaldehyde (MBALD), yet, the enzymatic route to this hydroxybenzoate is not known. Therefore, root organs of H. indicus hold promises to unravel the biosynthesis related to this phenolic fragrance. Chitosan treatment at 200mg/L concentration to the excised roots(More)
The light-dependent generation of active oxygen species, which can disrupt normal metabolic process of plant, is termed as photo-oxidative stress. Plants are equipped with enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidative defence system to reduce the effect of such stress. Hairy root culture of Daucus carota when cultivated under continuous illumination (250 μmol(More)
Methyl-jasmonate (MJ)-treated hairy roots of Daucus carota L. were used to study the influence of alternative oxidase (AOX) in phenylpropanoid metabolism. Phenolic acid accumulation, as well as total flavonoids and lignin content of the MJ-treated hairy roots were decreased by treatment with salicylhydroxamic acid (SHAM), a known inhibitor of AOX. The(More)
Biosynthesis of hydroxybenzoates even at enzymatic level is poorly understood. In this report, effect of feeding of putative biosynthetic precursors and pathway-specific enzyme inhibitors of early phenylpropanoid pathway on p-hydroxybenzoic acid accumulation in chitosan-elicited hairy roots of Daucus carota was studied. Three selective metabolic inhibitors(More)
Cell cultures of Sorbus aucuparia respond to the addition of chitosan with the accumulation of the biphenyl phytoalexin aucuparin. The carbon skeleton of this inducible defense compound is formed by biphenyl synthase (BIS) from benzoyl-CoA and three molecules of malonyl-CoA. The formation of benzoyl-CoA proceeds via benzaldehyde as an intermediate.(More)