Adine Adonis

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INTRODUCTION Patients with HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) become progressively impaired, with chronic pain, immobility and bladder, bowel and sexual dysfunction. Tested antiretroviral therapies have not been effective and most patients are offered a short course of corticosteroids or interferon-α, physiotherapy and(More)
HTLV-1-associated myelopathy (HAM; HTLV-1 is human T-lymphotropic virus type 1) is a chronic debilitating neuroinflammatory disease with a predilection for the thoracic cord. Tissue damage is attributed to the cellular immune response to HTLV-1-infected lymphocytes. The brains of HTLV-1-infected patients, with and without HAM but no clinical evidence of(More)
Introduction The lifetime risk of developing HTLV-1 associated myelopathy (HAM) is 0.25-3%. The main pathological feature is an immune-mediated response leading to chronic inflammation of the spinal cord. The optimal long term treatment has yet to be determined although clinical improvement with ciclosporin has been shown in a pilot study. Methotrexate,(More)
Background Disease modifying treatment options for patients with HAM are limited. Most studies have included all patients regardless of duration, disability or disease activity. The Medical Research Council UK funded a series of proof of concept studies for patients with early (50% deterioration during preceding 3 months). The results of the first study of(More)
Patients with HTLV-Associated-Myelopathy (pwHAM) predominantly have proximal leg weakness, and reduced activities of daily living (ADLs). 92% of pwHAM attending NCHR use a walking aid and experience difficulty with walking long distances, thus many are housebound, or community ambulators. The 6 minute walk test (6MWT) measures walking endurance and was(More)
The efficacy of treatments used for patients with HTLV-1 associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraperesis (HAM/TSP) is uncertain although corticosteroids are widely prescribed. The effect of pulsed IV methylprednisolone was retrospectively analysed in an open cohort of 26 patients. 1g IV methylprednisolone was infused on three consecutive days. The(More)
HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) is an immune mediated myelopathy caused by the human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1). The efficacy of treatments used for patients with HAM/TSP is uncertain. The aim of this study is to document the efficacy of pulsed methylprednisolone in patients with HAM/TSP. Data from an open(More)
BACKGROUND Five to ten million persons, are infected by HTLV-1 of which 3% will develop HTLV-1-associated myelopathy (HAM) a chronic, disabling inflammation of the spinal cord. Walking, a fundamental, complex, multi-functional task is demanding of multiple body systems. Restricted walking ability compromises activity and participation levels in people with(More)
BACKGROUND To advance the treatment of HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP), randomised controlled therapeutic studies with appropriate and sensitive outcomes are reuired. One candidate outcome is the 10-metre walk test (10MWT), a patient-centred, simple and functional measure. To calculate sample size based on 10MWT as the(More)
Walking, a fundamental, complex, multifunctional task, is demanding of multiple body systems, interactively affecting walking capacity. Due to their restricted walking ability, activity and participation levels in patients with HTLV-1-Associated Myelopathy (pwHAM) are compromised. Primarily, the applicability of walking endurance using the 6 minute walk(More)
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