Adilson José de Almeida

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AIM To determine the prevalence of occult hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in a group of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected Brazilian patients and to investigate its association with biochemical, virological and molecular features. METHODS Sera from 43 patients positive for HBV core antibody and negative for HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) were(More)
OBJECTIVE Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory disease characterized by multifocal areas of central nervous system (CNS) demyelination. Activation of coagulation factors and fibrin deposition are observed around CNS blood vessels in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis, an animal model of MS. Antithrombin (AT) is a potent anticoagulant with(More)
In this report, we examine the adaptability of commercially available serological kits to detect antibodies markers for viral hepatitis in oral fluid samples. We also assessed the prevalence of hepatitis A, B, and C virus-specific antibodies, and related risk factors for these infectious diseases through sensitivity of the tests in saliva samples to(More)
BACKGROUND The anti-HCV antibody response has not been well characterized during the early phase of HCV infection and little is known about its relationship to the clinical course during this period. METHODS We analyzed serial anti-HCV antibodies longitudinally obtained from a prospective cohort of 65 patients with acute HCV infection by using a(More)
Beauty treatments, such as tattooing, piercing, manicures, pedicures, and barbershop shaving, can pose an important risk of virus transmission. This study was conducted to determine hepatitis A virus (HAV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV) prevalence in a sample of beauticians from Rio de Janeiro (Southeast Brazil) and to assess the(More)
This study aimed to determine the prevalence of HBV and HCV among children and adolescents attending schools and daycare centres in Rio de Janeiro State, located in southern Brazil. Serum samples from 1,217 individuals aged 0 to 18 years were collected from 1999 to 2012 and tested for HBsAg, total anti-HBc, anti-HBs, and anti-HCV by ELISA. Reactive HBsAg(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Detection of HCV has been documented in extrahepatic sites such as platelets. However, its influence on antiviral therapy outcome is unknown. In this study, we investigated the relationship between the detection of HCV in platelets from a cohort of 48 chronically HCV-infected patients and response to antiviral therapy. METHODOLOGY This(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Interaction of platelets with HCV is presumed to be one of the pathogenic mechanisms implicated in HCV-associated thrombocytopenia. Nevertheless, analysis of factors influencing the detection of HCV in platelets is not well understood. In this study, we investigated the relationship between the detection of HCV in platelets from a cohort of(More)
Since the identification of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in 1989 as a causative agent for a number of the extrahepatic alterations related to HCV infection an underlying immune mediated pathogenetic mechanism has been postulated. HCV-associated thrombocytopenia may be considered complex and multifactorial in origin, since different mechanisms have been(More)
A strategy adopted by different countries to reduce the number of new cases of hepatitis A is the vaccination. However, the mosaic of the epidemiological profile in developing countries has hampered the establishment of a unified nationwide vaccination program. To determinate national vaccination policies, the results of epidemiological studies need to be(More)