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BACKGROUND A definitive diagnosis of aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) requires a positive oral aspirin challenge (OAC), but predicting which patients will have positive challenges is often difficult. OBJECTIVE To analyze information about historical aspirin- and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)-associated respiratory reactions and(More)
BACKGROUND The aspirin provocation test, considered to be the gold standard in the diagnosis of aspirin sensitivity, may be associated with severe adverse reactions; thus, alternative procedures with a higher safety profile are highly desirable. Although the cellular antigen stimulation test (CAST) has been proposed to be such an alternative, there is(More)
OBJECTIVE It is important to distinguish endobronchial metastases (EBM) from both primary lung cancers and benign lesions, as treatment will differ. The clinicopathological characteristics of EBM cases were documented to see whether any distinguishing features exist. METHODOLOGY Histological cases diagnosed as EBM in the pathology laboratory of a tertiary(More)
BACKGROUND The oral aspirin (ASA) provocation test is considered to be the gold standard in the diagnosis of ASA sensitivity. However, since it may be associated with severe adverse reactions, safer alternatives would be highly desirable. The basophil activation test has been proposed as such an alternative, but there is limited information about its(More)
BACKGROUND Intranasal ketorolac challenges can induce respiratory reactions in patients with aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD). OBJECTIVE To determine whether intranasal ketorolac challenges might be used for aspirin desensitization. METHODS One hundred patients with suspected AERD who were referred to Scripps Clinic from May 1, 2007 to(More)
BACKGROUND The anti-inflammatory actions of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA)/non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are thought to be due to inhibition of COX-2, whereas the side effects such as gastric damage and aspirin-induced asthma are mediated through inhibition of COX-1. Therefore, a new class of drugs with COX-2 selectivity may be well tolerated(More)
Breast tuberculosis is a rare form of tuberculosis. Of all the breast diseases treated surgically, tuberculosis is seen in the range between 0.025% and 0.1%. This ratio is higher in undeveloped countries. We presented five cases with breast tuberculosis. Their ages were between 20 and 63 years. All of them had children and were breastfeeding. The cause of(More)
BACKGROUND Data are limited about the value of skin tests in the diagnosis of proton pump inhibitor (PPI)-induced hypersensitivity reactions and the cross-reactivity between PPIs. We aimed to assess the role of skin testing in the diagnosis of PPI-related immediate hypersensitivity reactions and the cross-reactivity patterns among PPIs. METHODS The study(More)
Chronic sinonasal diseases (CSDs) are common comorbidity of asthma. The aim of this study was to assess comprehensively CSD in a population of asthma patients and determine whether the clinical factors in both diseases were related to each other. Eighty adult stable asthmatic patients with sinonasal symptoms (SNSs) of 3 months and who were nonresponsive to(More)
OBJECTIVES Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) occurs more commonly in asthma patients than in the general population and can complicate asthma management. The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of OSA in patients with difficult-to-treat asthma (DTA) and to investigate the sleep quality in these patients. METHODS Patients with DTA were recruited(More)