Adi Zaltsman

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Pollen tube elongation in the pistil is a crucial step in the sexual reproduction of plants. Because the wall of the pollen tube tip is composed of a single layer of pectin and, unlike most other plant cell walls, does not contain cellulose or callose, pectin methylesterases (PMEs) likely play a central role in the pollen tube growth and determination of(More)
Plant genetic engineering is one of the key technologies for crop improvement as well as an emerging approach for producing recombinant proteins in plants. Both plant nuclear and plastid genomes can be genetically modified, yet fundamental functional differences between the eukaryotic genome of the plant cell nucleus and the prokaryotic-like genome of the(More)
Agrobacterium exports DNA into plant cells, eliciting neoplastic growths on many plant species. During this process, a Skp1-Cdc53-cullin-F-box (SCF) complex that contains the bacterial virulence F-box protein VirF facilitates genetic transformation by targeting for proteolysis proteins, the Agrobacterium protein VirE2 and the host protein VIP1, that coat(More)
Sexual reproduction of flowering plants depends on delivery of the sperm to the egg, which occurs through a long, polarized projection of a pollen cell, called the pollen tube. The pollen tube grows exclusively at its tip, and this growth is distinguished by very fast rates and reaches extended lengths. Thus, one of the most fascinating aspects of pollen(More)
The ubiquitin/26S proteasome pathway is a basic biological mechanism involved in the regulation of a multitude of cellular processes. Increasing evidence indicates that plants utilize the ubiquitin/26S proteasome pathway in their immune response to pathogen invasion, emphasizing the role of this pathway during plant-pathogen interactions. The specific(More)
Genetic transformation of plants by Agrobacterium, which in nature causes neoplastic growths, represents the only known case of trans-kingdom DNA transfer. Furthermore, under laboratory conditions, Agrobacterium can also transform a wide range of other eukaryotic species, from fungi to sea urchins to human cells. How can the Agrobacterium virulence(More)
The soil phytopathogen Agrobacterium has the unique ability to introduce single-stranded transferred DNA (T-DNA) from its tumor-inducing (Ti) plasmid into the host cell in a process known as horizontal gene transfer. Following its entry into the host cell cytoplasm, the T-DNA associates with the bacterial virulence (Vir) E2 protein, also exported from(More)
Nuclear proteins are involved in many critical biological processes within plant cells and, therefore, are in the focus of studies that usually begin with demonstrating that the protein of interest indeed exhibits nuclear localization. Thus, studies of plant nuclear proteins would be facilitated by a convenient experimental system for identification of(More)
Transcriptional repression by histone modification represents a universal mechanism that underlies critical biological processes, such as neurogenesis and hematopoietic differentiation, in animals. In plants, however, the extent to which these regulatory pathways are involved in development and morphogenesis is not well defined. SWP1/LDL1 is a component of(More)
Covalent modifications of histones, such as acetylation, methylation and ubiquitination, are central for regulation of gene expression. Heterochromatic gene silencing, for example, is associated with hypoacetylation, methylation and demethylation, and deubiquitination of specific amino acid residues in histone molecules. Many of these changes can be(More)