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Displacement MR images of water in in vitro rat spinal cord were computed from q-space analysis of high b value diffusion-weighted MRI data. It is demonstrated that q-space analysis of heavily diffusion-weighted MRI (qs-DWI) provides MR images in which physical parameters of the tissues such as the mean displacement and the probability for zero displacement(More)
Cell death is the basic neuropathological substrate in cerebral ischemia, and its non-invasive imaging may improve diagnosis and treatment for stroke patients. ApoSense is a novel family of low-molecular weight compounds for detection and imaging of cell death in vivo. We now report on imaging of cell death and monitoring of efficacy of neuroprotective(More)
Rasagiline, as the mesylate salt (TVP-1012), is a selective, potent, non-reversible MAO-B inhibitor of the propargylamine type. Current cellular and whole animal studies suggested a potential for neuroprotection by rasagiline. Rasagiline in repeat ip doses of 1–3 mg/kg within 16 h, or by sustained iv infusion to maintain a 3-h steady-state at corresponding(More)
Hypertension is one of the major risk factors of stroke and vascular dementia (VaD). We used stroke prone spontaneous hypertensive rats (SPSHRs) as a model for neuronal degeneration frequently occurring in humans with vascular disease. Recently, high b value q-space diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) was shown to be very sensitive to the pathophysiological(More)
The neuroprotective effects of intravenous rasagiline were investigated in a rat model of stroke. Middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion was performed in male rats and the short- (neurological severity score [NSS], infarct size), intermediate- (cognition) and long-term (necrotic area) effects were assessed. A bolus (3 mg/kg) of rasagiline followed by a 3-h(More)
Experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) is the primary experimental model of multiple sclerosis (MS), which involves both inflammation and demyelination and is known to be species-dependent. Spinal cord abnormalities were found in more than 80% of postmortem specimens of MS patients. In the present study, T1, T2 and high b-value q-space(More)
Diffusion in the extracellular and intracellular spaces (ECS and ICS, respectively) was evaluated in excised spinal cords, before and after cell swelling induced by glutamate, by high b-value q-space diffusion MR of specific markers and water. The signal decays of deuterated tetramethylammonium (TMA-d(12)) chloride, an exogenous marker of the ECS, and(More)
Development of effective therapies for multiple sclerosis (MS) is dependent on the advancement of improved tools for evaluation of progression of this disease in animal models. We present a novel technique utilizing scanning electron microscopy (SEM) for imaging wet biological specimens thus enabling rapid and high-resolution imaging of myelin in mouse(More)
The study was carried out to demonstrate the effects of bradykinin (BK) on hypertension, hyperinsulinemia, and hypertriglyceridemia in fructose-fed rats, and to determine whether these actions are mediated through nitric-oxide (NO) formation. Eighteen rats, rendered hypertensive, hyperinsulinemic, and hypertriglyceridemic by a fructose-enriched diet, were(More)
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