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Displacement MR images of water in in vitro rat spinal cord were computed from q-space analysis of high b value diffusion-weighted MRI data. It is demonstrated that q-space analysis of heavily diffusion-weighted MRI (qs-DWI) provides MR images in which physical parameters of the tissues such as the mean displacement and the probability for zero displacement(More)
Hypertension is one of the major risk factors of stroke and vascular dementia (VaD). We used stroke prone spontaneous hypertensive rats (SPSHRs) as a model for neuronal degeneration frequently occurring in humans with vascular disease. Recently, high b value q-space diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) was shown to be very sensitive to the pathophysiological(More)
Experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) is the primary experimental model of multiple sclerosis (MS), which involves both inflammation and demyelination and is known to be species-dependent. Spinal cord abnormalities were found in more than 80% of postmortem specimens of MS patients. In the present study, T1, T2 and high b-value q-space(More)
Diffusion in the extracellular and intracellular spaces (ECS and ICS, respectively) was evaluated in excised spinal cords, before and after cell swelling induced by glutamate, by high b-value q-space diffusion MR of specific markers and water. The signal decays of deuterated tetramethylammonium (TMA-d(12)) chloride, an exogenous marker of the ECS, and(More)
Cell death is the basic neuropathological substrate in cerebral ischemia, and its non-invasive imaging may improve diagnosis and treatment for stroke patients. ApoSense is a novel family of low-molecular weight compounds for detection and imaging of cell death in vivo. We now report on imaging of cell death and monitoring of efficacy of neuroprotective(More)
The study was carried out to demonstrate the effects of bradykinin (BK) on hypertension, hyperinsulinemia, and hypertriglyceridemia in fructose-fed rats, and to determine whether these actions are mediated through nitric-oxide (NO) formation. Eighteen rats, rendered hypertensive, hyperinsulinemic, and hypertriglyceridemic by a fructose-enriched diet, were(More)
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