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Ubiquitination plays a crucial role in neurodevelopment as exemplified by Angelman syndrome, which is caused by genetic alterations of the ubiquitin ligase-encoding UBE3A gene. Although the function of UBE3A has been widely studied, little is known about its paralog UBE3B. By using exome and capillary sequencing, we here identify biallelic UBE3B mutations(More)
Intellectual disability (ID) affects 1%-3% of the general population. We recently reported on a family with autosomal-recessive mental retardation with anterior maxillary protrusion and strabismus (MRAMS) syndrome. One of the reported patients with ID did not have dysmorphic features but did have temporal lobe epilepsy and psychosis. We report on the(More)
BACKGROUND This study reports on a hitherto undescribed autosomal recessive syndrome characterised by dysmorphic features and multiple congenital anomalies together with severe neurological impairment, chorea and seizures leading to early death, and the identification of a gene involved in the pathogenesis of the disease. METHODS Homozygosity mapping was(More)
Hydrocephalus is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous condition. Individuals with posterior fossa abnormalities have an increased risk of developing hydrocephalus. The Dandy-Walker malformation, Dandy-Walker variant, and mega-cisterna magna (MCM) seem to represent a continuum of developmental anomalies of the posterior fossa. Here we describe the(More)
Together with GTP and initiator methionyl-tRNA, translation initiation factor eIF2 forms a ternary complex that binds the 40S ribosome and then scans an mRNA to select the AUG start codon for protein synthesis. Here, we show that a human X-chromosomal neurological disorder characterized by intellectual disability and microcephaly is caused by a missense(More)
p53 is an established tumor suppressor gene activating the transcription of multiple target genes. Apolipoprotein B (apo B), a dietary lipid transporter, occurs as apo B-100 and apoB-48, created by a premature stop codon by apo B mRNA-editing enzyme complex 1 (apobec1). We have identified p53 response elements (p53RE) in the genes encoding for apoB and(More)
BACKGROUND The combination of microcephaly, pyramidal signs, abnormal corpus callosum, and intellectual disability presents a diagnostic challenge. We describe an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by microcephaly, pyramidal signs, thin corpus callosum, and intellectual disability. METHODS We previously mapped the locus for this disorder to(More)
Postnatal microcephaly is defined as normal head circumference at birth, which progressively declines to more than 2 standard deviations below the average for the patient's age and sex. We describe four patients from three consanguineous families of Arab Bedouin origin who presented with autosomal recessive inheritance of progressive microcephaly,(More)
We describe a consanguineous Israeli Arab kindred with five males in two interrelated families with intellectual disabilities, alacrima, achalasia, and mild autonomic dysfunction. Adrenal function is normal. Their phenotype is similar to the phenotype observed in autosomal recessive Triple A syndrome except for the presence of mental retardation in all(More)
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are clonal stem cell diseases of the bone marrow characterized by abnormalities in maturation of hematopoietic cells of all lineages. MDS patients frequently have lower lipids and high rates of apoptosis and p53 (TP53) expression. An association between the reduced lipids in MDS and the expression of lipid-related genes was(More)
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