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Organ transplantation has become increasingly common as a therapy for end-stage renal, liver, cardiac and pulmonary disease. The population of patients who have survived organ transplantation has grown dramatically over the last 2 decades. Although organ transplant recipients now benefit from greatly improved survival, long-term complications of organ(More)
CONTEXT The conventional view that obesity is beneficial for bone strength has recently been challenged by studies that link obesity, particularly visceral obesity, to low bone mass and fractures. It is controversial whether effects of obesity on bone are mediated by increased bone resorption or decreased bone formation. OBJECTIVE The objective of the(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence and natural history for food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) have not been determined. OBJECTIVE We sought to determine the prevalence, clinical manifestations, and rate of recovery for FPIES in a large-scale, population-based prospective study. METHODS In a prospective study the feeding history of 13,019 infants(More)
BACKGROUND In the United States, there is a high prevalence of metabolic syndrome, as defined by The Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (ATP III). The relationship between reproductive factors and metabolic syndrome in women is unknown. METHODS(More)
Organ transplant recipients experience rapid bone loss and high fracture rates, particularly during the early post-transplant period. Early rapid bone loss occurs in the setting of uncoupled bone turnover with increased bone resorption and decreased bone formation. Because there are no clinical factors that reliably predict post-transplant bone loss and(More)
Patients with predialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) have increased risk for fracture, but the structural mechanisms underlying this increased skeletal fragility are unknown. We measured areal bone mineral density (aBMD) by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry at the spine, hip, and radius, and we measured volumetric BMD (vBMD), geometry, and(More)
Idiopathic osteoporosis (IOP) in premenopausal women is characterized by fragility fractures at low or normal bone mineral density (BMD) in otherwise healthy women with normal gonadal function. Histomorphometric analysis of transiliac bone biopsy samples has revealed microarchitectural deterioration of cancellous bone and thinner cortices. To examine bone(More)
CONTEXT Idiopathic osteoporosis (IOP) in premenopausal women is an uncommon disorder of uncertain pathogenesis in which fragility fractures occur in otherwise healthy women with intact gonadal function. It is unclear whether women with idiopathic low bone mineral density and no history of fragility fractures have osteoporosis. OBJECTIVE The objective of(More)
Bone strength depends on the amount of bone, typically expressed as bone mineral density (BMD), determined by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), and on bone quality. Bone quality is a multifactorial entity including bone structural and material compositional properties. The purpose of the present study was to examine whether bone material composition(More)
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have higher rates of fracture than the general population. Increased bone remodeling, leading to microarchitectural deterioration and increased fragility, may accompany declining kidney function, but there are no reliable methods to identify patients at increased risk for fracture. In this cross-sectional study of(More)