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An ethylene-inducing xylanase (EIX) is a potent elicitor of plant defense responses in specific cultivars of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) and tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum). The LeEix locus in tomatoes was characterized by map-based cloning, which led to the identification of a novel gene cluster from which two members (LeEix1 and LeEix2) were isolated.(More)
The hormone ethylene influences plant growth, development, and some defense responses. The fungal elicitor Ethylene-Inducing Xylanase (EIX) elicits ethylene biosynthesis in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) and tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) leaves by induction of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-caboxylic acid synthase (Acs) gene expression. A minimal promoter element in(More)
The ROF2 (FKBP65) is a heat stress protein which belongs to the FK506 Binding Protein (FKBP) family. It is homologous to ROF1 (FKBP62) which was recently shown to be involved in long term acquired thermotolerance by its interaction with HSP90.1 and modulation of the heat shock transcription factor HsfA2. In this study, we have demonstrated that ROF2(More)
The response of Nicotiana tabacum to tentoxin (chlorosis) is inherited with chloroplasts. N. tabacum var. Xanthi, a tentoxin-resistant line, was used to pollinate tentoxin-sensitive N. tabacum line 92, an alloplasmic male-sterile line containing N. undulata plastids. The seeds were mutagenized with nitrosomethylurea and germinated in the presence of(More)
The Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria avirulence gene AvrRxv specifies resistance on the tomato line Hawaii 7998 by interacting with three nondominant plant resistance genes. AvrRxv molecular properties that impinge on its avirulence activity were characterized and transcriptional changes caused by AvrRxv expression in resistant tomato plants were(More)
Phylogenetic analyses of 16S rRNA sequences of sponge-associated cyanobacteria showed them to be polyphyletic, implying that they derived from multiple independent symbiotic events. Most of the symbiont sequences were affiliated to a group of Synechococcus and Prochlorococcus species. However, other symbionts were related to different groups, such as the(More)
Enhancing plant height and growth rates is a principal objective of the fiber, pulp, wood and biomass product industries. Many biotechnological systems have been established to advance that task with emphasis on increasing the concentration of the plant hormone gibberellin, or on its signalling. In this respect, the most studied gibberellin biosynthesis(More)
An ethylene-inducing xylanase (EIX) from Tricohoderma viride is a potent elicitor of ethylene biosynthesis, localized cell death and other defense responses in specific cultivars of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) and tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum). Wild species of tomato, such as Lycopersicon cheesmanii and Lycopersicon pennellii, do not respond to EIX(More)
Ethylene-inducing xylanase (EIX) elicits plant defense responses in certain tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) and tomato cultivars in addition to its xylan degradation activity. It is not clear, however, whether elicitation occurs by cell wall fragments released by the enzymatic activity or by the xylanase protein interacting directly with the plant cells. We(More)
Challenging tomato or tobacco varieties with ethylene-inducing xylanase (EIX) from the fungus Trichoderma viride causes rapid induction of plant defence responses leading to programmed cell death. Using the yeast two-hybrid system, we isolated a novel protein, tomato small ubiquitin-related modifier protein (T-SUMO), which specifically interacts with EIX.(More)