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BACKGROUND The search for a reliable, valid and cost-effective comorbidity risk adjustment method for outcomes research continues to be a challenge. The most widely used tool, the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) is limited due to frequent missing data in medical records and administrative data. Patient self-report data has the potential to be more complete(More)
Hypertension (HTN) is particularly burdensome in low-income groups. Federal-qualified health centers (FQHCs) provide care for low-income and medically underserved populations. To assess the rates and predictors of blood pressure (BP) control in an FQHC in Michigan, a retrospective analysis of all patients with HTN, coronary artery disease, and/or diabetes(More)
BACKGROUND Comorbidity is an important adjustment measure in research focusing on outcomes such as health status and mortality. One recurrent methodological issue concerns the concordance of comorbidity data obtained from different reporting sources. The purpose of these prospectively planned analyses was to examine the concordance of comorbidity data(More)
BACKGROUND Racial disparities exist in the management of patients with cardiovascular disease in the United States. The aim of the study was to evaluate if a structured initiative for improving care of patients with acute myocardial infarction (Guidelines Applied in Practice [GAP]) led to comparable care of white and nonwhite patients admitted to GAP(More)
OBJECTIVE (i) To examine the sustainability of an in-hospital quality improvement (QI) intervention, the American College of Cardiology's Guideline Applied to Practice (GAP) in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). (ii) To determine the predictors of physician adherence to AMI guidelines-recommended medication prescribing. DESIGN Prospective observational(More)
OBJECTIVE Develop a system of practice tools and procedures to prompt shared decision making in primary care. SDM-GRIP (Shared Decision Making Guidance Reminders in Practice) was developed for suspected stable coronary artery disease (CAD), prior to the percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) decision. METHODS Program evaluation of SDM-GRIP components:(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the pattern of postdischarge evidence-based outpatient medication use and its impact on subsequent hospital readmissions in post-acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients. STUDY DESIGN Prospective observational study. METHODS A telephone survey was conducted to collect information from discharge to 8 months after discharge for 433(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate a nurse-led educational group visit (GV) as part of a multifaceted intervention, shared decision making (SDM) guidance reminders in practice, to prompt SDM in primary care about angiography in stable coronary artery disease. METHODS A process evaluation designed to test the feasibility of a(More)
BACKGROUND Telephone counseling in chronic disease self-management is increasing, but has not been tested in studies that control for quality of medical care. OBJECTIVE To test the effectiveness of a six-session outpatient telephone-based counseling intervention to improve secondary prevention (behaviors, medication) in patients with acute coronary(More)
UNLABELLED The burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) among minority and low-income populations is well documented. This study aimed to assess the impact of patient activation and shared decision-making (SDM) on medication use through the Office-Guidelines Applied to Practice (Office-GAP) intervention in Federally Qualified Healthcare Centers (FQHCs).(More)