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Somatic LINE-1 (L1) retrotransposition during neurogenesis is a potential source of genotypic variation among neurons. As a neurogenic niche, the hippocampus supports pronounced L1 activity. However, the basal parameters and biological impact of L1-driven mosaicism remain unclear. Here, we performed single-cell retrotransposon capture sequencing (RC-seq) on(More)
Hypomyelination is observed in the context of a growing number of genetic disorders that share clinical characteristics. The aim of this study was to determine the possible role of magnetic resonance imaging pattern recognition in distinguishing different hypomyelinating disorders, which would facilitate the diagnostic process. Only patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Mutant mouse models suggest that the chloride channel ClC-2 has functions in ion and water homoeostasis, but this has not been confirmed in human beings. We aimed to define novel disorders characterised by distinct patterns of MRI abnormalities in patients with leukoencephalopathies of unknown origin, and to identify the genes mutated in these(More)
OBJECTIVE Hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSPs) are among the most genetically diverse inherited neurological disorders, with over 70 disease loci identified (SPG1-71) to date. SPG15 and SPG11 are clinically similar, autosomal recessive disorders characterized by progressive spastic paraplegia along with thin corpus callosum, white matter abnormalities,(More)
OBJECTIVES The study was focused on leukoencephalopathies of unknown cause in order to define a novel, homogeneous phenotype suggestive of a common genetic defect, based on clinical and MRI findings, and to identify the causal genetic defect shared by patients with this phenotype. METHODS Independent next-generation exome-sequencing studies were performed(More)
Hypomyelinating leukodystrophies represent a genetically heterogeneous but clinically overlapping group of heritable disorders. Current management approaches in the care of the patient with a hypomyelinating leukodystrophy include use of serial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to establish and monitor hypomyelination, molecular diagnostics to determine a(More)
BACKGROUND More than half of patients with genetic leukoencephalopathies remain without a specific diagnosis; this is particularly true in individuals with a likely primary neuronal etiology, such as those in which abnormal white matter occurs in combination with severe epilepsy. PATIENT A child with a severe early infantile epileptic encephalopathy and(More)
Leukodystrophies were defined in the 1980s as progressive genetic disorders primarily affecting myelin of the central nervous system. At that time, a limited number of such disorders and no associated gene defects were known. The majority of the leukodystrophy patients remained without a specific diagnosis. In the following two decades, magnetic resonance(More)
BACKGROUND A biomarker for the diagnosis of childhood-onset ataxia and central nervous system hypomyelination (CACH)/vanishing white matter disease (VWM) would have clinical utility and pathophysiologic significance. METHODS We used 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis/mass spectrometry to compare the cerebrospinal fluid proteome of patients with(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe a novel pattern of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) abnormalities as well as the associated clinical and laboratory findings. DESIGN The MRIs of more than 3000 patients with an unclassified leukoencephalopathy were systematically reviewed.Clinical and laboratory data were retrospectively collected. SETTING University hospital. (More)