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Micro-RNAs (miRNA) are currently used as cancer biomarkers for hematological cancers and solid tumors. Osteosarcoma is the first primary malignant bone tumor, characterized by a complex genetic and resistance to conventional treatments. For this latter property, the median survival has not been improved since 1990 despite preoperative administration of(More)
Prediction of survival for patients with metastatic breast cancer is often inaccurate and may be helped by new biological parameters. Tumour growth being angiogenesis-dependent, it has been hypothesised that the assessment of angiogenic factor production might reflect the clinical behaviour of cancer progression. This study was designed to investigate the(More)
Renal-cell-carcinoma is one of the human tumors for which the immune response may control the growth of tumor cells. Conversely, T cells infiltrating this tumor have been reported to be impaired in proliferative and effector functions. Complete activation of T cells requires 2 signaling events, one through the antigen-specific receptor and one through the(More)
Interleukin 6 (IL-6) is a multifunctional and pleiotropic cytokine and in renal cell carcinoma (RCC), this cytokine exerts proinflammatory, immunosuppressive and growth stimulating properties. A spliced isoform of IL-6 mRNA has been described in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and encodes for a potential protein lacking IL-6 activity. In the present(More)
Patients with metastatic neuroblastoma are rarely curable with currently available therapy, and the search for new treatment options, which include the use of inhibitors of tumor angiogenesis, is warranted. Here, we have evaluated the efficacy of one of the most promising natural inhibitors of angiogenesis described to date, endostatin, in a human(More)
AIMS A minority of patients with advanced sarcoma achieve prolonged progression free survival (PFS) with insulin growth factor type 1 receptor (IGF-1R) monoclonal antibody (Ab) therapy. A biomarker identifying those patients beforehand would be useful to select patients for the development of these agents. METHODS This single centre series includes(More)
Immunotherapy with interleukin 2 (IL-2) is not an effective anti-cancer treatment in the majority of patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC), suggesting that the activation of cytotoxic T cells or NK cells may be impaired in vivo in these patients. The production of immunosuppressive factors by RCC was investigated. Using immunohistochemistry, IL-10 was(More)
Specific mesenchymal markers are retained and hematopoietic markers are not up-regulated by a 30 Gray-irradiation on infant foreskin fibroblasts that still respond to pro-inflammatory cytokines. (A) After 3-5 passages, the expression of surface markers was analyzed by flow cytometry on γ-FFs that were cultured for 24 h under an identical seeding(More)
Sarcomas are divided into a group with specific alterations and a second presenting a complex karyotype, sometimes difficult to diagnose or with few therapeutic options available. We assessed if miRNA profiling by TaqMan low density arrays could predict the response of undifferentiated rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) and osteosarcoma to treatment. We showed that(More)
HLA phenotypes were characterized for 79 patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma treated with interleukin 2 (IL-2). HLA-A32 was associated with a clinical response (P = 0.025). The frequency of HLA-A3 and/or A32 was higher among responders than non-responders (P = 0.008). Thus, these results suggest that, in vivo, IL-2 may enhance cellular-mediated(More)