Adelina Rosa Riarte

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An eight-year old boy from Posadas (27 masculine 23'S, 55 masculine 54'W) was diagnosed with visceral leishmaniasis (VL) during 2006. Lutzomyia longipalpis was discovered in the backyard of his house, while the spread of canine visceral leishmaniasis was confirmed in Posadas. This is the southernmost report of a VL transmission focus and the first in(More)
BACKGROUND The analytical validation of sensitive, accurate and standardized Real-Time PCR methods for Trypanosoma cruzi quantification is crucial to provide a reliable laboratory tool for diagnosis of recent infections as well as for monitoring treatment efficacy. METHODS/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We have standardized and validated a multiplex Real-Time(More)
Congenital transmission (CT) has acquired relevance in Chagas disease (CHD). A cohort of pregnant CHD women (4,355) and their babies were studied in the period 1994-2004. Children were excluded when they had received blood transfusions, or were born or had been in endemic areas; CT rate was 6.1%. Babies were diagnosed between months 1 and 5 in 68.9% of the(More)
Trypanosoma cruzi infection in sylvatic mammals of the quebracho woods of the eastern part of Santiago del Estero province, Argentina, was studied from October 1984 to December 1987. 301 mammals of 20 different species were caught. T. cruzi, characterized biologically and biochemically, was isolated by xenodiagnosis from 23 of 72 (32%) Didelphis albiventris(More)
We assessed the distribution of Trypanosoma cruzi infection in peridomestic triatomines collected manually at a district-wide scale in rural villages around Olta, Western Argentina, and typed the isolated strains according to their pathogenicity to laboratory mice. Of 1623 triatomines examined, only 14 (0.9%) were infected with T. cruzi based on(More)
Chagas' disease is an endemic zoonosis of South America caused by a protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi. About 30% of infected people develop the disease. This disease is known to reactivate in immunocompromised hosts, such as patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, leukemia, and transplantation. There is some experience with transplantation of(More)
Mice lacking CD4 and/or CD8 gene expression, generated by embryonic stem-cell technology, were used to study the role of CD4+ and CD8+ cells in the resistance to the acute infection with virulent (Tulahuén and RA) or mild (CA-I) strains of Trypanosoma cruzi. The presence of both CD4+ and CD8+ cells contributed to the survival of mice infected with T. cruzi,(More)
The efficacy of specific chemotherapy in congenital Chagas disease before the first year of life ranges between 90 and 100%. Between this age and 15 years of age, the efficacy decreases to around 60%. Therefore, early infection detection is a priority in vertical transmission. The aim of this work was to assess whether polymerase chain reaction (PCR) plays(More)
Summary:The efficacy of preemptive therapy was evaluated in bone marrow transplantation (BMT) recipients associated with Chagas disease (CD). The criterion to include patients in the protocol was the serological reactivity for CD in recipients and/or donors before transplant. After BMT, the monitoring was performed using the direct Strout method (SM), which(More)
To identify wild hosts of Trypanosoma cruzi, surveys were conducted in the subandean valleys of Jujuy Province, Argentina, between June 1986 and March 1987. Seventy two mammals from 13 different species were examined by xenodiagnosis. Fifty two of them were mostly rodents trapped at the localities of Maimará, León and Tilcara, and the remainder had been(More)