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Several immunohistochemical markers have been used to demonstrate the presence of myoepithelial cells in order to determine their role in the histogenesis of mammary tumors. p63, a recently characterized p53 homologue, is consistently expressed in myoepithelial cells of the human breast; however, no assessment of its immunoreactivity has been reported so(More)
Cadherin-catenin complexes play a critical role in intercellular adhesion, and their altered expression has been implicated in tumour progression. In this study, the expression of E-cadherin, P-cadherin and beta-catenin was analysed in 65 canine malignant mammary tumours and correlated with clinicopathological parameters, proliferation and survival.(More)
P-cadherin is a classical cadherin expressed by myoepithelial cells in mammary tissue. Its expression in human breast cancer has been associated with aggressive tumour behaviour. To analyse the possible role of P-cadherin in canine mammary carcinogenesis, its expression was examined immunohistochemically in 82 samples of normal (n=2), hyperplastic (n=11)(More)
There are currently no reports on the isolation and molecular examination of Toxoplasma gondii from bats. Here, we report the isolation and genotypic characterisation of two T. gondii isolates from bats. A total of 369 bats from different municipalities in São Paulo state, southeastern Brazil, were captured and euthanised, and collected tissues (heart and(More)
Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) has been extensively studied in human breast cancer; however, systematic studies of EGFR protein expression in canine mammary gland tumours are lacking. Therefore, we evaluated its immunohistochemical expression in a series of 136 canine mammary tumours and representative areas of adjacent normal and hyperplastic(More)
Similarly to humans, canine mammary cancer represents a heterogeneous group in terms of morphology and biological behaviour. In the present study, we evaluated a series of canine mammary carcinomas based on a new human classification, initially based on gene expression profiling analysis. Similarly to human breast cancer, by using an immunohistochemistry(More)
BACKGROUND As the worldwide breast cancer burden increases, non-invasive tools, such as ultrasonography and thermography are being increasingly sought after. N-methyl-N-nitrosourea-induced rat mammary tumors are important tools to investigate the usefulness of such imaging techniques. OBJECTIVE This study aimed to integrate both ultrasonographic and(More)
BACKGROUND Breast cancer remains a leading cause of death by cancer worldwide. It is commonly accepted that angiogenesis and the expression of angiogenic factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) is associated with the increased risk of metastasis and poor patient outcome. OBJECTIVE This work aimed to evaluate the effects of long-term(More)
Regucalcin (RGN) is a calcium-binding protein, which has been shown to be underexpressed in cancer cases. This study aimed to determine the association of RGN expression with clinicopathological parameters of human breast cancer. In addition, the role of RGN in malignancy of mammary gland using transgenic rats overexpressing the protein (Tg-RGN) was(More)
Although there have been several studies on the use of immunohistochemical biomarkers of canine mammary tumors (CMTs), the results are difficult to compare. This article provides guidelines on the most useful immunohistochemical markers to standardize their use and understand how outcomes are measured, thus ensuring reproducibility of results. We have(More)