Adele Y. Wang

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We investigated the properties of leishmania exosomes with respect to influencing innate and adaptive immune responses. Exosomes from Leishmania donovani modulated human monocyte cytokine responses to IFN-γ in a bimodal fashion by promoting IL-10 production and inhibiting that of TNF-α. Moreover, these vesicles were inhibitory with respect to cytokine(More)
T helper (Th) cell have a central role in modulating immune responses. While Th1 and Th2 cells have long been known to regulate cellular and humoral immunity, Th17 cells have been identified only recently as a Th lineage that regulates inflammation via production of distinct cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-17. There is growing evidence that Th17 cells(More)
Th17 cells are defined by their capacity to produce IL-17, and are important mediators of inflammation and autoimmunity. Human Th17 cells express high levels of the retinoic acid-related orphan receptor variant 2 (RORC2), but it is currently unclear whether expression of this transcription factor alone is sufficient to recapitulate all the known properties(More)
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is caused by immune-mediated destruction of insulin-producing β-cells. Insufficient control of autoreactive T cells by regulatory T cells (Tregs) is believed to contribute to disease pathogenesis, but changes in Treg function are difficult to quantify because of the lack of Treg-exclusive markers in humans and the complexity of(More)
BACKGROUND AIMS. The use of dendritic cells (DC) as an adjuvant in cell-based immunotherapeutic cancer vaccines is a growing field of interest. A reliable and non-invasive method to track the fate of autologous DC following their administration to patients is required in order to confirm that clinically sufficient numbers are reaching the lymph node (LN).(More)
Th17 cells are proinflammatory cells associated with many immune-mediated diseases. Major factors limiting the study of human Th17 cells are the lack of an accepted method for their in vitro differentiation or for isolation of a homogenous population of Th17 cells that do not cosecrete IFN-gamma. To overcome these hurdles, we established a novel method to(More)
The great success of anti-cytotoxic lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA4) and anti-programed cell death protein 1 (PD1) in cancer treatment has encouraged more effort in harnessing the immune response through immunomodulatory molecules in various diseases. The immunoglobulin (Ig) super family comprises the majority of immunomodulatory molecules. Discovery of novel(More)
T regulatory cells (Tregs) control immune homeostasis by preventing inappropriate responses to self and nonharmful foreign antigens. Tregs use multiple mechanisms to control immune responses, all of which require these cells to be near their targets of suppression; however, it is not known how Treg-to-target proximity is controlled. Here, we found that(More)
Invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells are known to constitutively express the high affinity interleukin-2 receptor α chain (CD25) in neonates, but the functional consequence of this phenotype is unknown. Here, we show that high numbers of CD25-expressing iNKT cells are present early in gestation and represent a significant proportion of the developing(More)