Adele M Pauley

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Mutations in the gene encoding the amyloid protein precursor (APP) cause autosomal dominant Alzheimer's disease. Cleavage of APP by unidentified proteases, referred to as beta- and gamma-secretases, generates the amyloid beta-peptide, the main component of the amyloid plaques found in Alzheimer's disease patients. The disease-causing mutations flank the(More)
Notch receptors and their ligands play important roles in both normal animal development and pathogenesis. We show here that the F-box/WD40 repeat protein SEL-10 negatively regulates Notch receptor activity by targeting the intracellular domain of Notch receptors for ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation. Blocking of endogenous SEL-10 activity was done by(More)
The Caenorhabditis elegans sel-10 protein is structurally similar to E3 ubiquitin ligases and is a negative regulator of Notch (lin-12) and presenilin signaling. In this report, we characterize the mammalian Sel-10 homolog (mSel-10) and analyze its effects on Notch signaling. We find that mSel-10 localizes to the cell nucleus, and that it physically(More)
Mutations in the human presenilin genes (PS1 or PS2) have been linked to autosomal dominant, early onset Alzheimer's disease (AD). Presenilins, probably as an essential part of gamma-secretase, modulate gamma-cleavage of the amyloid protein precursor (APP) to the amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta). Mutations in sel-12, a Caenorhabditis elegans presenilin(More)
Inflammation-induced microsomal prostaglandin E synthase-1 (mPGES-1) is the terminal enzyme that synthesizes prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) downstream of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). The efficacy of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and COX-2 inhibitors in the treatment of the signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and inflammatory pain,(More)
Nicastrin is a component of the gamma-secretase complex that has been shown to adhere to presenilin-1 (PS1), Notch, and APP. Here we demonstrate that Nicastrin-deficient mice showed a phenotype that is indistinguishable from PS1/PS2 double knock-out mice, whereas heterozygotes were healthy and viable. Fibroblasts derived from Nicastrin-deficient embryos(More)
We report here that aggregated beta-amyloid (Abeta) 1-42 promotes tau aggregation in vitro in a dose-dependent manner. When Abeta-mediated aggregated tau was used as a substrate for tau protein kinase II (TPK II), an 8-fold increase in the rate of TPK II-mediated tau phosphorylation was observed. The extent of TPK II-dependent tau phosphorylation increased(More)
Presenilin (PS1 or PS2) is an essential component of the active γ-secretase complex that liberates the Aβ peptides from amyloid precursor protein (APP). PS1 is regarded as an atypical aspartyl protease harboring two essential aspartic acids in the context of the sequence D257LV and D385FI, respectively, rather than the typical DTG...DTG catalytic motif of(More)
The role of ADAM-8 in cancer and inflammatory diseases such as allergy, arthritis and asthma makes it an attractive target for drug development. Therefore, the catalytic domain of human ADAM-8 was expressed, purified and crystallized in complex with a hydroxamic acid inhibitor, batimastat. The crystal structure of the enzyme-inhibitor complex was refined to(More)
A disintegrin and metalloprotease-8 (ADAM8) is thought to play a role in cancer and inflammatory diseases such as allergy, arthritis, and asthma. Despite the implication of ADAM8 in these diseases, the functional role of ADAM8 catalytic activity remains unclear. In this report, we demonstrate that an early critical autolytic event, we have termed(More)