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This study describes the various types of neurogenic bladder in spinal cord injury in relation to the level of lesion, defines the aims of bladder management, and discusses the importance of highly individualised management strategies and long-term follow-up. Urodynamic studies were done on 47 new patients with traumatic spinal cord injury when they had(More)
In this paper, a methodology for gait rehabilitation, combines over-ground walking, body weight support, pelvic control, and gait assistance are introduced and the integrated platform has been developed. This paper also discusses the gap of state-of-the-art research in gait rehabilitation. Systems like Lokomat and Kineassist were studied and discussed.(More)
Prompt initiation of empiric antibiotic therapy is the cornerstone in the therapy of chemotherapy-induced neutropenic sepsis in cancer patients. Ceftriaxone plus gentamicin (ceftriaxone/gentamicin) is the most widely used combination of empiric antibiotics in the Department of Medical Oncology, Singapore General Hospital. However, imipenem/cilastatin has(More)
INTRODUCTION Spinal cord injury (SCI) often results in significant neurologic dysfunction and disability. An annual incidence of 15 to 40 traumatic SCI cases per million population has been reported worldwide, and a conservative estimate for Singapore would be 23 cases per million. With continued improvements in medical care, an increasing prevalence of SCI(More)
Seventy-three spinal cord injured patients with central cord syndrome who had undergone inpatient rehabilitation, were studied retrospectively with regard to their demographic, neurologic and functional characteristics. There were 67 males and six females with a mean age of 53.5 years. Falls was the commonest mechanism of injury (54.8%) followed by motor(More)
For decades, robotic devices have been suggested to enhance motor recovery by replicating clinical manualassisted training. This paper presents an overground gait rehabilitation robot, which consists of a pair of robotic orthoses, the connected pelvic arm in parallel and a mounted mobile platform. The overground walking incorporates pelvic control together(More)
In order to identify optimal rehabilitation strategies for spinal cord injury (SCI) participants, assessment of impaired walking is required to detect, monitor and quantify movement disorders. In the proposed assessment, ten healthy and seven SCI participants were recruited to perform an over-ground walking test at slow walking speeds. SCI participants were(More)
Due to the labor-intensiveness and the shortage of therapists in the application of most forms of manually assisted gait training in neuro-rehabilitation, robotics rehabilitation gait systems have been developed to contribute in such fields of neuro-rehabilitation. This paper presents an overground gait rehabilitation robot, which consists of a pair of(More)
Therapist assisted body weight supported gait rehabilitation was introduced about 20 years ago. Subsequently, several robotic systems have been introduced for assisted body weight supported gait rehabilitation. However, pelvic assistance is not commonly found in those robotic systems. Lacking of pelvic assistance has several disadvantages. The most obvious(More)
Therapists often emphasize selection and design of proper training programs for individual patients in different situations and rehabilitation stages. Thus, in order to cater different patient groups, this paper proposes four assistant control strategies for robotic rehabilitation of gait locomotion: (1) orthosis-free, (2) totally-passive, (3) optimal(More)