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IL-10 has proved to be a key cytokine in regulating inflammatory responses by controlling the production and function of various other cytokines. The suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS) gene products are a family of cytoplasmic molecules that are essential mediators for negatively regulating cytokine signaling. It has been previously shown that IL-10(More)
Cisplatin cytotoxicity is dependent on cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (Cdk2) activity in vivo and in vitro. A Cdk2 mutant (Cdk2-F80G) was designed in which the ATP-binding pocket was altered. When expressed in mouse kidney cells, this protein was kinase inactive, did not inhibit endogenous Cdk2, but protected from cisplatin. The mutant was localized in the(More)
Cisplatin cytotoxicity is dependent on cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (Cdk2) activity in vivo and in vitro. We found that an 18-kDa protein identified by mass spectrometry as p21(WAF1/Cip1) was phosphorylated by Cdk2 starting 12 h after cisplatin exposure. The analysis showed it was phosphorylated at serine 78, a site not previously identified. The adenoviral(More)
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress contributes to acute kidney injury induced by several causes. Kidney dysfunction was shown to be influenced by gender differences. In this study we observed differences in the severity of kidney injury between male and female mice in response to tunicamycin, an ER stress agent. Tunicamycin-treated male mice showed a severe(More)
The interaction of calsequestrin (CSQ) with the channel-containing region of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (junctional face membrane, jfm) is involved in Ca2+ release, and it seemed of interest to identify the jfm-binding region of the CSQ molecule. For this purpose, CSQ was digested with trypsin, and peptides were screened for jfm binding. Partial amino acid(More)
Ca2+ release from sarcoplasmic reticulum during excitation--contraction coupling is likely to be mediated by conformational changes in the foot protein moiety of the triadic vesicles. As a preparative step toward the studies of dynamic conformational changes in the foot protein moiety, we have developed a new method that permits specific labeling of the(More)
BACKGROUND Morphological and functional changes to sinusoidal endothelial cells mediated by soluble factors released from activated Kupffer cells, including cytokines, are considered pivotal events in ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) to liver grafts. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an endothelial cell-specific cytokine with potent(More)
BACKGROUND Intestinal transplantation has been hampered by high rates of intestinal allograft rejection. One mechanism of altering rejection in other organ transplant models has been blockade of second set T-cell costimulatory signals. AH.F5, a novel hamster anti-rat monoclonal antibody to CD154, blocks CD40-dependent T-cell costimulation. We hypothesized(More)
Tissue fibrosis is a major cause of death in developed countries. It commonly occurs after either acute or chronic injury and affects diverse organs, including the heart, liver, lung, and kidney. Using the renal ablation model of chronic kidney disease, we previously found that the development of progressive renal fibrosis was dependent on p21(WAF1/Cip1)(More)