Adel H. Karara

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OBJECTIVE Nateglinide, a new short-acting D-phenylalanine derivative for treating type 2 diabetes, reduces mealtime blood glucose excursions by physiologic regulation of insulin secretion. This study evaluated the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic interactions of nateglinide and metformin in subjects with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A(More)
Nateglinide (Starlix, SDZ DJN 608 or A-4166), a new insulinotropic agent, is intended to be administered prior to a meal in order to improve early insulin release in non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus patients. The effects of a meal on the oral bioavailability and pharmacodynamic actions of nateglinide were investigated. Twelve healthy male subjects(More)
The pharmacokinetics (PK) of the antiarrhythmic sotalol, which elicits Class III and beta-blocking activity, has not been adequately defined in a pediatric population with tachyarrhythmias. The goal of this single-dose study with administration of sotalol HCl at a dose level of 30 mg/m2 body surface area (BSA) was to define the PK of the drug in the(More)
The effects of combination hormone therapy of drospirenone (DRSP), a novel progestin with antialdosterone properties, and 17beta-estradiol (E2) on hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics versus placebo were investigated in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study. Thirty-six postmenopausal women with stage 1 hypertension(More)
Complexation of dexamethasone (DX) and dexamethasone acetate (DXA) with 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPCD) was investigated with an ultimate goal of formulating a topical ophthalmic solution of DXA. Aqueous solubility of DX and DXA was markedly increased due to formation of soluble inclusion complexes with HPCD. Based on characterization of complex(More)
A new drug-in-adhesive transdermal patch was developed to deliver both estradiol and levonorgestrel through the skin over a 7-day period, but at different rates. This report elucidates the in vitro and in vivo biopharmaceutical studies that were necessary during the development of this product. Three test patches had to be manufactured, all delivering(More)
The pharmacokinetics of SDZ 64-412, an antiasthmatic agent, were investigated following intravenous, oral, and inhalation dosing in rats. 14C-SDZ 64-412 was administered intravenously (2.75 mg kg-1) and orally (5.5 mg kg-1, 110 mg kg-1), whereas non-radiolabeled drug (5.04 mg kg-1) was administered using nose-only inhalation chambers. Radioactivity and(More)
BACKGROUND Aldosterone has been implicated in the pathogenesis of progressive cardiovascular disease. Drospirenone (DRSP) is a novel progestin with aldosterone receptor antagonist activity developed for hormone replacement therapy (HRT) as DRSP/17beta-estradiol (DRSP/ E2). We investigated the additive effect of DRSP/E2 versus placebo on 24-h ambulatory(More)
The FDA guidance on exploratory IND studies is intended to enable sponsors to move ahead more efficiently with the development of promising candidates. A survey of PhRMA member companies was conducted in 2007 to obtain a cross-sectional industry perspective on the current and future utility of exploratory IND studies. About 56% of survey responders (9(More)
OBJECTIVE Drospirenone (DRSP), a spironolactone analog with aldosterone antagonist activity, is a novel progestogen developed for use as hormone therapy in postmenopausal women in combination with 17beta-estradiol (E2). DRSP/E2 lowers blood pressure when used alone in hypertensive postmenopausal women or when administered concomitantly with(More)