Adel Giaid Schwertani

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OBJECTIVE Urotensin II (UII) is a potent vasoactive peptide that binds to the urotensin receptor-coupled receptor-14 (known as UT) and exerts a wide range of actions in humans and experimental animals. We tested the hypothesis that UII gene deletion or UT blockade ameliorate experimental atherosclerosis. METHODS AND RESULTS We observed a significant(More)
AIMS Cardiomyocytes are understood to possess a limited regenerative capacity. Any myocardial insult leads to an irreversible injury. Mesenchymal stem cell differentiation into cardiomyocyte-like cells stands as one of the leading experimental therapies. However, a candidate cell source has yet to be defined. Here, we examined the in vitro and in vivo(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study was to construct a new drug delivery system for milrinone using microparticles. This novel technology enhances drug bioavailability and decreases toxicity, with future implications for the treatment of end-stage heart failure. METHODS Polylactic-co-glycolic acid microparticles (PLGA-MPs) loaded with milrinone were(More)
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a destructive lung disease that can arise sporadically or in adults suffering from the tumor syndrome tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). Microscopic tumors ('LAM nodules') in the lung interstitium arise from lymphatic invasion and metastasis. These consist of smooth muscle-like cells (LAM cells) that exhibit markers of(More)
Urotensin II (UII) is a vasoactive peptide with various roles in cardiovascular physiology and pathophysiology. There is an accumulating evidence implicating UII in atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease, making it an important target in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). In this study, we sought to determine the plasma levels of UII in ACS patients within(More)
The cellular mechanisms that induce calcific aortic stenosis are yet to be unravelled. Wnt signaling is increasingly being considered as a major player in the disease process. However, the presence of Wnt Frizzled receptors (Fzd) and co-receptors LRP5 and 6 in normal and diseased human aortic valves remains to be elucidated. Immunohistochemistry and qPCR(More)
Exercise is beneficial for a variety of age-related disorders. However, the molecular mechanisms mediating the beneficial adaptations to exercise in older adults are not well understood. The aim of the current study was to utilize a dual approach to characterize the genetic and metabolic adaptive pathways altered by exercise in veteran athletes and(More)
Urotensin II (UII) is a cyclic neuropeptide that was first isolated from the urophysis of teleost fish on the basis of its ability to contract the hindgut. Subsequently, UII was characterized in tetrapods including humans. Phylogenetic studies and synteny analysis indicate that UII and its paralogous peptide urotensin II-related peptide (URP) belong to the(More)
The metabolic syndrome is defined by the presence of hyperlipidemia, obesity, hypertension, and diabetes. The syndrome is associated with significant cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The aim of the present study was to determine the role of the vasoactive peptide urotensin II (UII) in the pathogenesis of the metabolic syndrome. We used obese mice(More)