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We report the findings of a total population survey of Thugbah community in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia (SA) to determine its point prevalence of neurological diseases. During this two-phase door-to-door study, all Saudi nationals living in Thugbah were first screened by trained interviewers using a pretested questionnaire (sensitivity 98%,(More)
There is increasing evidence that cerebral palsy (CP) in developed countries results mainly from antenatal factors, whereas reports from developing countries suggest that perinatal and postnatal factors may be more important because of less than optimal delivery conditions. The authors studied 103 Saudi children with CP and compared their antecedent factors(More)
This article deals with the clinical profile of children with cerebral palsy and epilepsy, and to study the clinical predictors of response to anti-epileptic drugs. It is a prospective hospital based follow-up study. All the children who presented with cerebral palsy and history of seizure (other than neonatal seizures) over a period of one year were(More)
We report three neonates, one boy and two girls, born to an inbred Arab family who had cortical dysplasia, probably agyria-pachygyria, and agenesis of the corpus callosum. All had asphyxia, intractable seizures, and increased muscle tone at birth and died in the neonatal period. Congenital microcephaly or dysmorphic features were absent. Cytogenetic(More)
Despite its discovery a hundred years ago, vitamin D has emerged as one of the most controversial nutrients and prohormones of the 21st century. Its role in calcium metabolism and bone health is undisputed but its role in immune function and long-term health is debated. There are clear indicators from in vitro and animal in vivo studies that point to(More)
There is increasing interest in vitamin D nutrition during pregnancy because of widespread reports of a high prevalence of low vitamin D status in pregnant women. While vitamin D is important for calcium and phosphorus homeostasis and for bone health, it also plays important roles in many other physiologic functions in the body. Consistent with the expanded(More)
Although vitamin D (vD) deficiency is common in breastfed infants and their mothers during pregnancy and lactation, a standardized global comparison is lacking. We studied the prevalence and risk factors for vD deficiency using a standardized protocol in a cohort of breastfeeding mother-infant pairs, enrolled in the Global Exploration of Human Milk Study,(More)
Primary microcephaly is a heterogeneous group of cerebral malformations either with a relatively well-preserved or an abnormal gyral pattern. We describe the MRI findings and clinical features of 14 children with the combination of microcephaly and an abnormal gyral pattern. All children except one were Arabs and nine out of the 14 patients were born to(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate vitamin D (vitD) status in early preterm infants (EPTIs) at birth and during birth hospitalisation on current vitD intake. DESIGN/METHODS Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin-D [25(OH)D] concentrations, vitD intake and risk factors for low vitD status were assessed in 120 infants born at ≤32 weeks gestation. RESULTS Mean (SD) serum 25(OH)D at(More)