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Renal cell carcinomas associated with syndromes of a heritable nature account for about 4% of all renal cell carcinomas. They are characterized by an earlier age of onset, and are often multicentric and bilateral. Some of these patients may fit into well-characterized kidney cancer syndromes, while many more may have a genetic component that is not fully(More)
In this short review, we discuss clear cell adenocarcinoma of the urinary bladder, a rare tumor that primarily affects women. The histogenesis of this neoplasm is uncertain; in some tumors the clinicopathologic and histologic features are suggestive of a müllerian origin. Clear cell adenocarcinoma consists of cells with abundant clear cytoplasm, arranged in(More)
Papillary carcinoma is the most common type of thyroid malignancy. It has been recently shown that these tumors commonly have one of three genetic alterations: BRAF point mutations, RET/PTC rearrangements, or RAS point mutations. In this study, we analyze the relationship between these alterations and the microscopic features of papillary carcinomas, their(More)
BACKGROUND Pediatric renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is clinically distinct from adult RCC. Characterization of the unique biological and clinical features of pediatric RCC are required. METHODS A retrospective review and biological analysis of all RCC cases presenting to Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center (CCHMC) in the last 30 years was(More)
Seventeen cases of granular cell tumor (GCT) of the breast are reviewed. The demographics and clinical features are reviewed and the radiologic and pathologic features as well as the immunohistochemistry are discussed. To our knowledge, our series of 17 breast GCT cases represent the largest series published to date.
The Bethesda 2007 Thyroid Cytology Classification defines follicular lesion of undetermined significance as a heterogeneous category of cases that are not convincingly benign nor sufficiently atypical for a diagnosis of follicular neoplasm or suspicious for malignancy. In our institution, we refer to these cases as indeterminate, and they are further(More)
BACKGROUND The BRAF V600E mutation has been reported in 50%-80% of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) cases and is highly specific for PTC. Reflex BRAF testing may improve the diagnostic accuracy of thyroid fine-needle aspiration (FNA) tests having equivocal cytologic interpretations and provide prognostic information that helps guide management in patients(More)
Anti-angiogenic therapies are among the most commonly used drugs in renal cell carcinoma. Tumor vascularity, defined by microvessel area, may be associated with response to these drugs. Clinical studies suggest that metastatic sites are more responsive than primary tumors. Our purpose was to characterize microvessel area (MVA) in matched primary and(More)
BACKGROUND The tall cell variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma is an aggressive subtype that generally presents as a large tumor in the advanced stage; however, little is known about the tall cell variant of microcarcinoma (tumors measuring <1 cm). In this study, we compare the tall cell variant of microcarcinoma (microTCV) with classic papillary(More)
UNLABELLED BACKGROUND Targeted therapies in renal cell carcinoma can have different effects on primary and metastatic tumors. To pave the way for predictive biomarker development, we assessed differences in expression of targets of currently approved drugs in matched primary and metastatic specimens from 34 patients. METHODS Four cores from each site(More)