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Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) has been implicated in acute and persistent diarrhea, and most strains harbor a member of a partially-conserved plasmid family (called pAA). We studied EAEC isolated from Nigerian children aged <5 years to elucidate the roles of plasmid and chromosomal EAEC loci. We tested a total of 131 EAEC strains isolated from(More)
BACKGROUND Antibiotic resistance has necessitated fluoroquinolone use but little is known about the selective forces and resistance trajectory in malaria-endemic settings, where selection from the antimalarial chloroquine for fluoroquinolone-resistant bacteria has been proposed. METHODS Antimicrobial resistance was studied in fecal Escherichia coli(More)
In developing countries, acquired bacterial resistance to antimicrobial agents is common in isolates from healthy persons and from persons with community-acquired infections. Complex socioeconomic and behavioral factors associated with antibiotic resistance, particularly regarding diarrheal and respiratory pathogens, in developing tropical countries,(More)
In a study carried out in small-town and rural primary health care centers in southwestern Nigeria, 330 Escherichia coli strains isolated from 187 children with diarrhea and 144 apparently healthy controls were examined for virulence traits. Based on the results of colony blot hybridization, strains were categorized as enteropathogenic E. coli (1.8%),(More)
Epoetin alfa and beta are the two forms of recombinant DNA-derived erythropoietin (rEPO), both synthesized in Chinese hamster ovary cells, which are used for the treatment of erythropoietin (EPO)-responsive anaemias. Several batches of each of these rEPOs were compared for differences in their EPO isoform compositions by isoelectric focusing (IEF) and in a(More)
BACKGROUND An increase in resistance against many different drugs among urinary tract infection (UTI) E coli isolates has been observed in the last 2 decades. This study determined the trends of antimicrobial resistance in E coli to commonly used antibiotics. METHODS The study was conducted in Ile-Ife, southwest Nigeria. Patients with features suggestive(More)
One hundred and twenty eight (63.3%) of 202 isolates of Gram-negative bacilli from urinary infections in patients in two Nigerian hospitals were found to be resistant to trimethoprim. Of the trimethoprim-resistant organisms, 111 (86.7%) showed MICs of trimethoprim in excess of 1000 mg/l. Trimethoprim resistance was found to be transferable from 65 (50.8%)(More)
BACKGROUND Helicobacter pylori has become recognized as a major cause of gastroduodenal diseases in man. Evidence indicates that once acquired, H. pylori persists, usually for life unless eradicated by antimicrobial therapy. Over the past few years, we have accumulated some knowledge of the epidemiology of H. pylori in Ile-Ife, South-West Nigeria. In one(More)
Stool specimens from 113 adult outpatients with diarrhea in southwestern Nigeria and 63 controls were examined for bacterial and parasitic enteric pathogens. Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) (P < 0.02), enteroaggregative E. coli (EAEC) (P < 0.02), and Entamoeba histolytica (P < 0.0002) were significantly associated with diarrhea. Salmonella,(More)