Ade Pye

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Our aim was to determine whether the immediate effects of a just-damaging sound exposure (8 kHz at 116 dB SPL for 1 h) might be potentiated by a single sub-ototoxic dose of gentamicin (50 mg kg-1). Auditory brainstem responses in pigmented guinea pigs were measured before and after treatment and used to calculate threshold shift (TS). Histological(More)
Guinea pigs have been exposed to 20 kHz at 120 dB SPL for exposure durations of 7.5, 6.5, 5.0, and 3.25-min and killed either 3 or 12 weeks post-exposure. One series of guinea pigs exposed for 30-min had cochlear potentials recorded 3 weeks post-exposure. The damage was assessed by surface preparations and quantified as percentage hair cell loss per segment(More)
Groups of pigmented guinea pigs were exposed unilaterally to a 15 kHz pure tone at 133 dB SPL for 7.5 min. The inner ears of one group were examined by light microscopy to count damaged hair cells 3 weeks after exposure. Four other groups were investigated using scanning electron microscopy to assess the progression of initial surface changes after sound(More)
Fifteen guinea pigs were exposed to the noise of an 'ultrasonic' cleaning bath which gave maximum airborne radiation at 12.5 kHz amounting to 104 dB SPL in the one-third octave band. The animals were exposed for 2.5, 8 or 16 h and killed either 4 or 8 weeks after exposure, following which any damaged sensory hair cells were quantified. One third of the(More)
The rich sympathetic innervation to the cochlea suggests its potential control of cochlear blood flow and activity during noise exposure, as part of the general and local stress sympathetic reaction evoked by noise. In a previous study, superior cervical sympathectomy prior to sound exposure in guinea pigs in an awake state, resulted in reduced temporary(More)
Bronchiectasis is associated with sputum containing high levels of the proteolytic enzyme elastase, which is thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of the disease. Agents which inhibit neutrophil function and interfere with neutrophil elastase release may have a beneficial effect on the development and progression of such diseases. We have studied the(More)
The effect of a minimally damaging sound exposure and a sub-ototoxic dose of gentamicin on cochlear hair cells contralateral to the sound exposure was evaluated. The cochleae of pigmented guinea pigs exposed to an 8 kHz pure tone at 116 dB SPL for 1 h and/or 50 mg/kg/day of gentamicin for 10 consecutive days and repeated after an interval of 3 weeks, were(More)
Albino and pigmented guinea pigs were exposed to 20 kHz at 120 dB SPL for exposure durations of 30, 7.5, 6.5, 5 and 3.25 min. In a second series of experiments, the two shortest exposures were repeated after an interval of 6 or 24 h. Sensory hair cell loss was assessed 3 weeks post-exposure by surface preparations and quantified as percentage cell loss per(More)
Guinea pigs were used to test acoustic trauma effects from doubling the exposure time. Previously, two frequencies (20 kHz and 4 kHz) were used in conjunction with each other (ie double exposure) to see whether a prior exposure of the cochlea to one frequency would alter the extent of damage caused by a secondary frequency, when compared with damage caused(More)
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