Addie C. Rolnick

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The central hypothesis of the work is that the dimension of control-no control plays an important role in motion sickness. Although it is generally agreed that having control over a moving vehicle greatly reduces the likelihood of motion sickness, few studies have addressed this issue directly, and the theoretical explanation for this phenomenon is not(More)
The effect of transdermal scopolamine on performance was tested on 23 naval volunteers. Performance was evaluated by using a battery of professional (naval-related) and cognitive tests. For all tests performed there were no significant differences between the scores obtained in placebo and transdermal scopolamine conditions. These results were in close(More)
The purpose of the experiment was to demonstrate conditioned taste aversion (CTA) and latent inhibition (LI) of CTA in humans using rotation-induced motion sickness as the unconditioned stimulus. To accomplish this, flavour familiarity (familiar vs unfamiliar) and rotation (rotation vs no rotation) were manipulated in a 2 X 2 factorial design. Subjects(More)
Transdermal scopolamine has been reported to provide protection against motion sickness, both while sailing at sea (7-8 h) and under experimental conditions. In this study, we tested the efficacy of transdermal scopolamine and evaluated its side effects during a 72-h cruise at sea. We tested 38 male volunteers, 20-25 years old, who were located on a(More)
It is generally agreed that the incidence of motion sickness in sailors working below deck is higher than in sailors who have the horizon as a visual reference on the bridge. This study investigated the possible beneficial effect of a projected artificial horizon as a means to prevent seasickness. Twelve subjects were exposed to angular motion in a tilting(More)
Salivary composition and flow rate were measured in 13 healthy male volunteers exposed to a real seasickness situation. The flow rates of whole unstimulated and stimulated saliva were significantly reduced at sea in about 80% of the subjects. Salivary flow rate was negatively correlated with seasickness severity. These results contrast with the classic(More)
Over the last thirty years, pregnant women, particularly pregnant women of color, have increasingly come under the supervision and control of the criminal justice system. In July 2014, Tennessee became the first state in the country to pass a law criminalizing illegal drug use during pregnancy. Within weeks of its enactment, several women were arrested and(More)