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This Consensus Statement summarizes recommendations for clinical diagnosis, investigation and management of patients with Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS), an imprinting disorder that causes prenatal and postnatal growth retardation. Considerable overlap exists between the care of individuals born small for gestational age and those with SRS. However, many(More)
Interest in the role of the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) axis in growth control and carcinogenesis has recently been increased by the finding of elevated serum insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) levels in association with three of the most prevalent cancers in the United States: prostate cancer, colorectal cancer, and lung cancer. IGFs serve as(More)
RNA editing that converts adenosine to inosine replaces the gene-encoded Ile, Asn, and Ile (INI) of serotonin [5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)] receptor 2C (5-HT(2C)R) with Val, Gly, and Val (VGV). Up to 24 different 5-HT(2C)R isoforms are detected in different brain regions (Burns et al., 1997; Fitzgerald et al., 1999; Wang et al., 2000). To elucidate the(More)
The p53 tumor suppressor induces cellular growth arrest and apoptosis in response to DNA damage by transcriptionally activating or repressing target genes and also through protein-protein interactions and direct mitochondrial activities. In 1995, insulin-like growth factor binding protein (IGFBP)-3 was identified as one of the genes transcriptionally(More)
Apoptosis is instrumental in several physiological/pathophysiological processes and is a frequently used end-point in the development of anti-neoplastic compounds. Despite ample data on several colon cancer cell lines, little is known about the susceptibility of human colon to apoptosis following treatment with established chemotherapeutics. By treating(More)
Mutations of glutamate dehydrogenase cause the hyperinsulinism/hyperammonemia syndrome by desensitizing glutamate dehydrogenase to allosteric inhibition by GTP. Normal allosteric activation of glutamate dehydrogenase by leucine is thus uninhibited, leading us to propose that children with hyperinsulinism/hyperammonemia syndrome will have exaggerated acute(More)
BACKGROUND Congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI) is characterized by severe hypoglycemia caused by dysregulated insulin secretion. The long-term outcome is dependent on prevention of hypoglycemic episodes to avoid the high risk of permanent brain damage. Severe cases are usually resistant to diazoxide or nifedipine. In addition, somatostatin analogues are(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the effects of insurance-mandated brand switches during the course of pediatric recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) treatment on clinical practice. METHODS We e-mailed a 9-question, anonymous, Internet-based survey to active members of the Pediatric Endocrine Society. The survey consisted of multiple-choice and yes/no answers.(More)
p53, perhaps the single most important human tumor suppressor, is commonly mutated in human cancers. Normally genotoxic stress and hypoxia activate p53, which, through DNA-specific transcription activation, transcriptional repression, and protein-protein interactions, triggers cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. One of the genes induced by p53 was identified(More)
Multiple large case-control studies in the past five years have reported positive associations between high circulating levels of the insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I and risk for different types of cancer. Correlations certainly do not prove causation, but the reproducibility of this finding implies this is a hypothesis worth further examination through(More)