Adam Wunderlich

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We consider noise in computed tomography images that are reconstructed using the classical direct fan-beam filtered backprojection algorithm, from both full- and short-scan data. A new, accurate method for computing image covariance is presented. The utility of the new covariance method is demonstrated by its application to the implementation of a(More)
We use several model observers to evaluate the influence of tube current modulation on lesion detectability in x-ray computed tomography images reconstructed using the classical direct fan-beam filtered backprojection algorithm. Specifically, we compute observer performance for a lesion detection task at various locations in an elliptic water cylinder using(More)
In contrast to the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) assessment paradigm, localization ROC (LROC) analysis provides a means to jointly assess the accuracy of localization and detection in an observer study. In a typical multireader, multicase (MRMC) evaluation, the data sets are paired so that correlations arise in observer performance both between(More)
We introduce a new estimator for noise variance in tomographic images reconstructed using algorithms of the filtered backprojection type. The new estimator operates on data acquired from repeated scans of the object under examination, is unbiased, and is shown to have significantly lower variance than the conventional unbiased estimator for many scenarios(More)
This paper concerns task-based image quality assessment for the task of discriminating between two classes of images. We address the problem of estimating two widely-used detection performance measures, SNR and AUC, from a finite number of images, assuming that the class discrimination is performed with a channelized Hotelling observer. In particular, we(More)
Combined detection-estimation tasks are frequently encountered in medical imaging. Optimal methods for joint detection and estimation are of interest because they provide upper bounds on observer performance, and can potentially be utilized for imaging system optimization, evaluation of observer efficiency, and development of image formation algorithms. We(More)
This work describes the development of a non-invasive real-time technique to detect changes in tissue caused by the production of multiple lesions during a HIFU treatment sequence. It is based on estimation of relative changes in tissue properties derived from backscattered RF data, such as speed of sound, density, absorption coefficient, backscattering(More)
The availability of large medical image datasets is critical in many applications, such as training and testing of computer-aided diagnosis systems, evaluation of segmentation algorithms, and conducting perceptual studies. However, collection of data and establishment of ground truth for medical images are both costly and difficult. To address this problem,(More)
Task-based assessments of image quality constitute a rigorous, principled approach to the evaluation of imaging system performance. To conduct such assessments, it has been recognized that mathematical model observers are very useful, particularly for purposes of imaging system development and optimization. One type of model observer that has been widely(More)