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We treated five patients with 11 supraophthalmic infusions of BCNU at 200 mg/m2 every 2 months. All three patients with residual tumors showed marked CT response after one infusion. Two patients with bilateral tumors had no response on the contralateral side. All four evaluable cases showed evidence of BCNU neurotoxicity. CT findings superficially resembled(More)
The serial pre- and postoperative computed tomographic (CT) scans of 115 patients entered in the Cooperative Brain Tumor Study between 1975 and 1982 were analyzed in order to define CT prognostic criteria and to test the hypothesis that radical glioma surgery prolongs patient survival. The CT parameters of mass size, associated edema, and intensity of(More)
We studied the effects of intra-arterial chemotherapy on the visual system of 29 consecutive patients with gliomas. As expected, infra-ophthalmic carotid infusion of cisplatin or carmustine (BCNU) was associated with clinically apparent anterior visual pathway lesions. Electroretinography revealed retinal dysfunction in patients without clinical(More)
Eleven patients with inoperable brain tumours were treated with high doses of corticosteroids (methylprednisolone 200-2000 mg/day) for up to 151 days (mean 55 days). Neurological improvement occurred in eight patients on high doses after deterioration on concentional doses (methylprednisolone 80-120 mg/day). In two patients steroids could be completely(More)
We reviewed the serial CT studies obtained between 1974 and 1986 of 31 patients with malignant glioma who survived for 2 to 11 years after surgical removal of their tumors. In all cases surgery was followed by radiation therapy to the head (6000 rad) and chemotherapy. Patients were divided into two age groups: those under age 40 (n = 13) and those over age(More)
Eight of 57 patients (14%) with malignant astrocytomas lived at least 2 years. The mean survival time was 143 weeks (range, 104 to 250 weeks). All of the patients were treated with operation, radiation, and chemotherapy. Four of the 8 patients died because of tumor recurrence, 1 died from a second primary tumor, 2 died of cases unrelated to the tumor, and 1(More)
During a 4-year period, four patients presented with transient disturbances in neurologic function that were diagnosed as seizures in two and transient ischemic attacks in the other two. Computed tomography (CT scan), both with and without contrast, was normal in all four patients. Isotopic brain scans (3 patients), cerebral angiograms (4 patients), and(More)
Irreversible pulmonary interstitial fibrosis developed 36 days after a single course of BCNU (total, 400 mg) in a patient with a malignant brain tumor. The case is unique in that irreversible changes developed shortly after a single course of BCNU whereas heretofore such permanent changes have been associated only with multiple courses of the drug(More)
Preoperative psychologic test scores derived from the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) were evaluated as predictors of success after elective knee surgery. The patients were examined 1 to 3 years after surgery and were evaluated in terms of subjective improvement, pain, level of activity, work restrictions, swelling, and strength. Patients(More)