Adam Williams

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RNA, including long noncoding RNA (lncRNA), is known to be an abundant and important structural component of the nuclear matrix. However, the molecular identities, functional roles and localization dynamics of lncRNAs that influence nuclear architecture remain poorly understood. Here, we describe one lncRNA, Firre, that interacts with the nuclear-matrix(More)
Chitin is a ubiquitous polysaccharide in fungi, insects, and parasites. We hypothesized that chitin is a size-dependent regulator of innate immunity. To test this hypothesis, we characterized the effects of chitins of different sizes on murine bronchoalveolar or peritoneal macrophages. In these studies, large chitin fragments were inert, while both(More)
The comparison of digital images to determine their degree of similarity is one of the fundamental problems of computer vision. Many techniques exist which accomplish this with a certain level of success, most of which involve either the analysis of pixel-level features or the segmentation of images into sub-objects that can be geometrically compared. In(More)
Bacteriophage P1 Cre/loxP based systems can be used to manipulate the genomes ofmice in vivo and in vitro, allowing the generation of tissue-specific conditional mutants. We have generated mouse lines expressing Cre recombinase in hematopoietic tissues using the vav regulatory elements, or in lymphoid cells using the hCD2 promoter and locus control region(More)
Regulation of metabolic pathways in the immune system provides a mechanism to actively control cellular function, growth, proliferation, and survival. Here, we report that miR-181 is a nonredundant determinant of cellular metabolism and is essential for supporting the biosynthetic demands of early NKT cell development. As a result, miR-181-deficient mice(More)
The Rac1 and Rac2 GTPases play important roles in many processes including cytoskeletal reorganization, proliferation, and survival, and are required for B-cell development. Previous studies had shown that deficiency in Rac2 did not affect T-cell development, whereas the function of Rac1 in this process has not been investigated. We now show that(More)
Not only does the innate immune system represent the first line of defense against invading pathogens, but it is also responsible for instructing appropriate adaptive immune responses. Pattern recognition receptors (PRR) detect the presence of invading pathogens and are paramount in innate instruction of the adaptive immune response. A diverse class of(More)
This paper presents the design, implementation and evaluation of a distributed network of smart cameras whose function is to detect and localize falls, an important application in elderly living environments. A network of overlapping smart cameras uses a decentralized procedure for computing inter-image homographies that allows the location of a fall to be(More)
Normal organogenesis requires co-ordinate development and interaction of multiple cell types, and is seemingly governed by tissue specific factors. Lymphoid organogenesis during embryonic life is dependent on molecules the temporal expression of which is tightly regulated. During this process, haematopoietic 'inducer' cells interact with stromal 'organizer'(More)
Protection against mucosally transmitted infections probably requires immunity at the site of pathogen entry, yet there are no mucosal adjuvant formulations licensed for human use. Polyethyleneimine (PEI) represents a family of organic polycations used as nucleic acid transfection reagents in vitro and DNA vaccine delivery vehicles in vivo. Here we show(More)