Adam Wilkinson

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In eukaryotic cells, double-strand breaks (DSBs) in DNA are generally repaired by the pathway of homologous recombination or by DNA nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ). Both pathways have been highly conserved throughout eukaryotic evolution, but no equivalent NHEJ system has been identified in prokaryotes. The NHEJ pathway requires a DNA end-binding component(More)
DNA ligases join breaks in the phosphodiester backbone of DNA molecules and are used in many essential reactions within the cell. All DNA ligases follow the same reaction mechanism, but they may use either ATP or NAD+ as a cofactor. All Bacteria (eubacteria) contain NAD+-dependent DNA ligases, and the uniqueness of these enzymes to Bacteria makes them an(More)
N-(3-hydroxy-7-cis-tetradecenoyl)-L-homoserine lactone (3OH, C14:1-HSL) is a quorum-sensing signalling molecule produced by Rhizobium leguminosarum. It is unusual in that it inhibits the growth of several strains of R. leguminosarum and was previously known as 'small bacteriocin'. The cinRI locus responsible for the production of 3OH,C14:1-HSL has been(More)
The growth of some strains of Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. viciae is inhibited by N-(3-hydroxy-7-cis tetradecenoyl)-L-homoserine lactone (3OH-C(14:1)-HSL), which was previously known as the small bacteriocin before its characterization as an N-acyl homoserine lactone (AHL). Tn5-induced mutants of R. leguminosarum bv. viciae resistant to 3OH-C(14:1)-HSL were(More)
The Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar viciae genome contains several genes predicted to determine surface polysaccharides. Mutants predicted to affect the initial steps of polysaccharide synthesis were identified and characterized. In addition to the known cellulose (cel) and acidic exopolysaccharide (EPS) (pss) genes, we mutated three other loci; one of these(More)
The rhi genes of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar viciae are expressed in the rhizosphere and play a role in the interaction with legumes, such as the pea. Previously (K. M. Gray, J. P. Pearson, J. A. Downie, B. E. A. Boboye, and E. P. Greenberg, J. Bacteriol. 178:372-376, 1996) the rhiABC operon had been shown to be regulated by RhiR and to be induced by(More)
The cDNA gene encoding porcine pancreatic prophospholipase A2 (proPLA2) was cloned into an Aspergillus niger expression vector downstream of the glucoamylase (glaA) gene promoter region. When this construct was transformed into A. niger, no detectable PLA2 was produced. Evidence was obtained showing that the PLA2 gene was transcribed and that PLA2 is(More)
This study quantified aflatoxin (AFB1, AFG1 and AFQ1) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in human cord sera obtained at birth and in serum obtained immediately after birth from the mother. The subjects of the study were residents of Songkhla, Thailand. Of the 35 samples of cord sera, 17 (48%) contained aflatoxin in concentrations from 0.064 to 13.6, mean(More)
Analysis of the regulation of plasmid transfer genes on the symbiotic plasmid pRL1JI in Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. viciae has revealed a novel regulatory relay that is specifically poised to detect an N-acyl-homoserine lactone (AHL) made by different cells (potential recipients of pRL1JI). Adjacent to the traI-trbBCDEJKLFGHI plasmid transfer operon on(More)
We review the methods used to measure phytoestrogens (genistein, daidzein, lignans and their derivatives) in foods and biological fluids, and discuss advantages and disadvantages of each. The range of detection limits reported varies widely between individual laboratories, but generally the best reported sensitivity is as follows: immunoassay>HPLC-mass(More)