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The subunits of the presumptive replicative helicase of archaea and eukaryotes, the MCM complex, are members of the AAA+ (ATPase-associated with various cellular activities) family of ATPases. Proteins within this family harness the chemical energy of ATP hydrolysis to perform a broad range of cellular processes. Here, we investigate the function of the(More)
The homomultimeric archaeal mini-chromosome maintenance (MCM) complex serves as a simple model for the analogous heterohexameric eukaryotic complex. Here we investigate the organization and orientation of the MCM complex of the hyperthermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus (Sso) on model DNA substrates. Sso MCM binds as a hexamer and slides on the end(More)
The mini-chromosome maintenance (MCM) complex is the principal candidate for the replicative helicase of archaea and eukaryotes. Here, we describe a functional dissection of the roles of the three principal structural modules of the homomultimeric MCM of the hyperthermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus. Our results include the first analysis of the(More)
Studies of the DNA-replication machinery of Archaea have revealed striking similarities to that of eukaryotes. Indeed, it appears that in most cases Archaea possess a simplified version of the eukaryotic replication apparatus. Studies of Archaea are therefore shedding light on the fundamental processes of DNA replication in both domains of life.
The extracellular matrix (ECM) can induce chemotherapy resistance via AKT-mediated inhibition of apoptosis. Here, we show that loss of the ECM protein TGFBI (transforming growth factor beta induced) is sufficient to induce specific resistance to paclitaxel and mitotic spindle abnormalities in ovarian cancer cells. Paclitaxel-resistant cells treated with(More)
AIMS The purpose of this study was to establish safety and tolerability of a single intravenous (IV) infusion of a p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase inhibitor, losmapimod, to obtain therapeutic levels rapidly for a potential acute coronary syndrome indication. Pharmacokinetics (PK) following IV dosing were characterized, and(More)
The mini-chromosome maintenance (MCM) complex is the presumptive replicative helicase in archaea and eukaryotes. In archaea, the MCM is a homo-multimer, in eukaryotes a heterohexamer composed of six related subunits, MCM 2-7. Biochemical studies using naked DNA templates have revealed that archaeal MCMs and a sub-complex of eukaryotic MCM 4, 6 and 7 have 3'(More)
both primase and MCM helicase motifs together in one Eukaryotic/Archaeal Primase protein has not previously been described for archaea and MCM Proteins Encoded and eukaryotes. Interestingly, this modular nature is reminiscent of the T7 phage primase-helicase protein. However, the T7 primase and helicase domains are related to bacterial DnaG and DnaB,(More)
DNA replication is fundamental to the propagation of cellular life. Remarkably, the bacterial replication machinery is distinct from that used by archaea and eukaryotes. In this article, we discuss the role that lateral gene transfer by extra-chromosomal elements might have had in shaping the replication machinery and even modulating the manner in which(More)