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The work in our laboratory addresses two interrelated areas of dendritic cell (DC) biology: (1) the role of DCs as mediators of feedback interactions between NK cells, CD8+ and CD4+ T cells; and (2) the possibility to use such feedback and the paradigms derived from anti-viral responses, to promote the induction of therapeutic immunity against cancer. We(More)
The development of effective vaccine strategies for intracellular bacteria, including tuberculosis, is one of the major frontiers of medical research. Our previous studies showed that dendritic cell (DC) vaccine is a promising approach for eliciting protective immunity against intracellular bacteria. However, it has been reported that standard fully mature(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells and dendritic cells (DCs), two important components of the immune system, can exchange bidirectional activating signals in a positive feedback. Myeloid DCs, the cell type specialised in the presentation of antigen and initiation of antigen-specific immune responses, have recently been documented to be involved in supporting innate(More)
Photofrin-based photodynamic therapy (PDT) has recently been approved for palliative and curative purposes in cancer patients. It has been demonstrated that neutrophils are indispensable for its anti-tumour effectiveness. We decided to evaluate the extent of the anti-tumour effectiveness of PDT combined with administration of granulocyte colony-stimulating(More)
Lovastatin, a drug commonly used in the clinic to treat hypercholesterolemia, has previously been reported to exert antitumor effects in rodent tumor models and to strengthen the antitumor effects of immune response modifiers (tumor necrosis factor alpha and IFN-gamma) or chemotherapeutic drugs (cisplatin). In the present report, we show in three murine(More)
Early stages of viral infections are associated with local recruitment and activation of dendritic cells (DC) and NK cells. Although activated DC and NK cells are known to support each other's functions, it is less clear whether their local interaction in infected tissues can modulate the subsequent ability of migrating DC to induce T cell responses in(More)
Recent reports demonstrate that natural killer (NK) cells and dendritic cells (DC) support each other's activity in a positive feedback. We observed that activated NK cells induce the maturation of DCs into stable type-1 polarized DCs (DC1), characterized by up to 100-fold enhanced ability to produce IL-12p70 in response to subsequent interaction with Th(More)
Lovastatin, a drug commonly used in the treatment of hypercholesterolemia, has previously been reported to exert potentiated antitumor activity when combined with either tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), cisplatin or doxorubicin in a melanoma model in mice. Since lovastatin interferes with the function of ras oncogene-encoded (Ras) proteins, we have(More)
Lovastatin, the drug used for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia, has previously been reported to exert antitumor activity in experimental murine models. Butyrate and butyric acid derivatives are well known to induce differentiation and apoptosis of tumour cells and also have recently gained acceptance as potential anticancer agents. In this study, we(More)
Butyric acid has been known to inhibit growth and to induce differentiation of a variety of tumor cells. Butyrate-treated tumor cells have also been observed to undergo apoptosis. Although butyrate compounds have demonstrated antitumor activity in murine tumor models and have already been admitted to clinical trials in tumor patients, the exact mechanism of(More)