Adam S. Foster

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We use ab initio methods to calculate the properties of adatom defects on a graphite surface. By applying a full spin-polarized description to the system we demonstrate that these defects have a magnetic moment of about 0.5micro(B) and also calculate its role in diffusion over the surface. The magnetic nature of these intrinsic carbon defects suggests that(More)
Boron is a unique element in terms of electron deficiency and Lewis acidity. Incorporation of boron atoms into an aromatic carbon framework offers a wide variety of functionality. However, the intrinsic instability of organoboron compounds against moisture and oxygen has delayed the development. Here, we present boron-doped graphene nanoribbons (B-GNRs) of(More)
We have studied the geometries, formation energies, migration barriers and diffusion of a copper interstitial with different charge states with and without an external electric field in the α-cristobalite crystalline form of SiO 2 using ab initio computer simulation. The most stable state almost throughout the band gap is charge q = +1. The height of the(More)
With modern scanning probe microscopes, it is possible to manipulate surface structures even at the atomic level. However, manipulation of nanoscale objects such as clusters is often more relevant and also more challenging due to the complicated interactions between the surface, cluster and apparatus. We demonstrate the manipulation of nanometer scale gold(More)
Warmer winters in Arctic regions may melt insulating snow cover and subject soils to more freeze–thaw cycles. The effect of freeze–thaw cycles on the microbial use of low molecular weight, dissolved organic carbon (LMW-DOC) is poorly understood. In this study, soils from the Arctic heath tundra, Arctic meadow tundra and a temperate grassland were frozen to(More)
a r t i c l e i n f o a b s t r a c t The three-dimensional Mercedes-Benz model was recently introduced to account for the structural and thermodynamic properties of water. It treats water molecules as point-like particles with four dangling bonds in tetrahedral coordination, representing H-bonds of water. Its conceptual simplicity renders the model(More)
Climate change is expected to significantly reduce water availability in the Murray-Darling Basin. This paper details a bio-physical economic model of the Basin regions which has been developed to estimate the effect of reduced water availability on irrigated agriculture. In the model, regions are linked through a network of water and salt flows, while crop(More)
Several improvements to the MAST plant and diagnostics have facilitated new studies advancing the physics basis for ITER and DEMO, as well as for future spherical tokamaks. Using the increased heating capabilities P NBI ≤ 3.8 MW H-mode at I p = 1.2 MA was accessed showing that the energy confinement on MAST scales more weakly with I p and more strongly with(More)
On-surface chemical reactions hold the potential for manufacturing nanoscale structures directly onto surfaces by linking carbon atoms in a single-step reaction. To fabricate more complex and functionalized structures, the control of the on-surface chemical reactions must be developed significantly. Here, we present a thermally controlled sequential(More)