Adam R Gardner

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The response of hybridoma cells to fluid shear caused by stirring and sparging has been investigated in a 2-L turbine-agitated bioreactor. Viable cell count, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release, and antibody secretion were measured over the course of batch culture experiments under varied conditions of stirring and gas sparging. The effectiveness of(More)
Starting from the radiative transport equation we derive the scaling relationships that enable a single Monte Carlo (MC) simulation to predict the spatially- and temporally-resolved reflectance from homogeneous semi-infinite media with arbitrary scattering and absorption coefficients. This derivation shows that a rigorous application of this single Monte(More)
The ability to prepare consistent biopharmaceutical products depends extensively on possession of banked and characterized cell substrates and on development of production processes which can be validated. While the attributes that define cell characterization have been extensively detailed by ICH and the regulatory agencies in the past decade, little has(More)
We present an approach to solving the radiative transport equation (RTE) for layered media in the spatial frequency domain (SFD) using Monte Carlo (MC) simulations. This is done by obtaining a complex photon weight from analysis of the Fourier transform of the RTE. We also develop a modified shortcut method that enables a single MC simulation to efficiently(More)
We examine the general problem of light transport initiated by oblique illumination of a turbid medium with a collimated beam. This situation has direct relevance to the analysis of cloudy atmospheres, terrestrial surfaces, soft condensed matter, and biological tissues. We introduce a solution approach to the equation of radiative transfer that governs this(More)
We present a coupled forward-adjoint Monte Carlo (cFAMC) method to determine the spatially resolved sensitivity distributions produced by optical interrogation of three-dimensional (3-D) tissue volumes. We develop a general computational framework that computes the spatial and angular distributions of the forward-adjoint light fields to provide accurate(More)
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