Adam Peter Shortland

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We collected 3D ultrasound images of the medial gastrocnemius muscle belly (MG) in 16 children with spastic hemiplegic cerebral palsy (SHCP) (mean age: 7.8 years; range: 4-12) and 15 typically-developing (TD) children (mean age: 9.5 years; range: 4-13). All children with SHCP had limited passive dorsiflexion range on the affected side with the knee extended(More)
Ultrasound images were obtained of the medial gastrocnemius at different ankle joint positions with the knee extended. Fascicle length and deep fascicle angle were measured in five normally developing adults (mean age 33 years, age range 24 to 36 years) and in five normally developing children (mean age 7.8 years, age range 7 to 11 years), and in seven(More)
Outcome in 24 ambulant children with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy, in whom multilevel surgical intervention was recommended following gait analysis, is reviewed. Twelve children had surgical intervention (treatment group; eight males, four females; mean age 9 years 10 months, SD 3 years 4 months) while the other 12 did not (control group; five males,(More)
We reviewed the outcome in 24 children with bilateral spastic cerebral palsy aged seven years or younger for whom surgery was recommended between 1999 and 2005 following gait analysis. A total of 13 children (operative group) had surgery and the remaining 11 (control group) did not, for family or administrative reasons. The operative group had at least two(More)
BACKGROUND The role of clinical gait analysis in the management of ambulant children with bilateral spastic cerebral palsy (BSCP) is controversial. We hypothesized that gait analysis would allow us to differentiate between children with BSCP who would benefit from surgical intervention and those in whom surgery was not indicated. METHODS We reviewed the(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate, in a simulated suturing task, individual surgeons’ performance using three surgical approaches: open, laparoscopic and robot-assisted. subjects and methods: Six urological surgeons made an in vitro simulated vesico-urethral anastomosis. All surgeons performed the simulated suturing task using all three surgical approaches (open,(More)
Children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP) have small, weak muscles. However, change in muscle size due to resistance training in this group is unknown. We investigated the effect of plantarflexor strengthening on muscle volume, gait, and function in 13 ambulant children with spastic CP (seven males, six females; mean age 10 y 11 mo, SD 3 y 0 mo, range 6 y(More)
AIM Muscle weakness is a feature of individuals with spastic cerebral palsy (SCP) but there are few reports in the literature of muscle volume in this group. This study compares muscle volumes in adolescents and young adults with SCP with those of their typically developing (TD) peers. DESIGN Measurements of the volumes of nine major lower limb muscles in(More)
Serial casting aims to improve an equinus gait pattern in children with spastic cerebral palsy (SCP). We evaluated the effect of short-term stretch casting on gait in children with SCP, compared to the natural history. A crossover trial, consisting of a control phase and a casting phase, was conducted with children randomised into two groups. Both groups(More)
To investigate the effect of sex on the phenotype of bilateral spastic cerebral palsy (CP) we reviewed the gait analysis data of 116 children (78 males, mean age 8 y 1 mo [SD 3 y 1 mo] and 38 females, mean age 8 y 9 mo [3 y 1 mo]) with bilateral spastic CP (Gross Motor Function Classification System [GMFCS] Levels I [four males, six females]; II [41 males,(More)